At the center of the Jewish daily prayers are the 19 blessings that make up the silent prayer, known in Hebrew as the Amidah (lit. “standing”) or Shemoneh Esrei . The centerpiece of the three daily weekday prayers, wherein we beseech Transliteration of the Weekday Amidah Psalms and Jewish Prayer for Healing. The Amidah also called the Shemoneh Esreh (שמנה עשרה ), is the central prayer of the Jewish liturgy.

Author: Dainos Fenris
Country: Puerto Rico
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Business
Published (Last): 10 October 2013
Pages: 413
PDF File Size: 7.1 Mb
ePub File Size: 9.20 Mb
ISBN: 856-7-61401-853-9
Downloads: 53655
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Kazrakasa

Like the Amidah itself, it should be said while standing with one’s feet together. However, the text of this blessing differs from on Shabbat. In a similar vein, the Tiferet Yisrael explains in his commentary, Boaz, that the Amidah is so-called because it helps a person focus his or her thoughts.

The many laws concerning the Amidah’s mode of prayer are designed to focus one’s concentration as one beseeches God. During these ten days, lines are inserted in the first two and last two blessings and slight changes are made in the conclusions of the third and eleventh anidah to stress the role of God as king and judge.

The paragraph jebrew God for the ability to separate between the holy and mundane, paraphrasing the concepts found in the Havdalah ceremony.

Jewish Prayers: The Amidah

Others say that on Shabbat, one lives as if the messianic age has arrived and therefore has no need to petition God; the petitions are thus eliminated and replaced with other prayers. The first three blessings as a section are known as the shevach “praise”and serve to inspire the worshipper and invoke God’s mercy.

You have chosen us from all pprayer nations, You have loved us and was pleased with us; You lifted us above all tongues, and sanctified us with Your commandments, and brought us, O our King, to Your service, and pronounced over us Your great and holy name.

Lost in the Shuffle? One version refers to the prescribed sacrifices, but in the past tense “there our ancestors offered” rather than “there we shall offer”. Moreover, the signatures of two blessings are changed to reflect the hebrwe heightened recognition of God’s sovereignty.

Prayer for MIA Soldiers. That Thy beloved ones may rejoice, let Thy right hand bring on help [salvation] and answer me One who stands in the Temple should face the Holy of Holies. It is forbidden to interrupt the Amidah even to greet an important person.


The typical weekday Amidah actually consists of nineteen blessings, though it originally had eighteen hence the alternative name Shemoneh Esrehmeaning “Eighteen”.

Amidah – Wikipedia

In Ashkenazic practice, the priestly blessing is chanted by kohanim on Jewish Holidays in the Diasporaand daily in the Land of Israel. The Reform version begins like the traditional text, but in place of the petition for the ingathering of the exiles, it goes on to emphasize hope for universal freedom. This page was last edited on 29 Novemberat ;rayer article is about a Jewish prayer. We thank You and utter Your praise, for our lives that are delivered into Your hands, and for our souls that are entrusted to You; and for Your miracles that are with us every day and for your marvelously kind deeds that are of every time; evening and morning and noon-tide.

In Hasidic liturgy, the shorter version is said only at maariv, indicating the different level of obligation that maariv has. Both paragraphs are prefaced by the same opening line, “[We thank You] for the miraculous deeds Al HaNissim and for the redemption and for the mighty deeds and the saving acts wrought by You, as well as for the wars which You waged for our ancestors in ancient days at this season.

In many communities, when the chazzan reaches these lines during his repetition, he pauses and the congregation recites the lines praydr him.

Each holiday’s paragraph recounts the bebrew background of that holiday, thanking God for his salvation. As a result, references to a personal messiah as opposed to a messianic age, resurrection of the dead, restoration of the sacrificial cult, and the existence of angels are all rephrased.

Some changes are made between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur. The shevach and hoda’ah are standard for every Amidah, with some changes on certain occasions. A blind man, or one who cannot orient himself, should direct his heart toward his Father in Heaven, as it is said, “They shall pray to the Lord” I Kings 8.

The first blessing is mostly unchanged, except that it includes Sarah im, RebeccaRacheland Leah in addition to AbrahamIsaacand Jacobin keeping with the egalitarian nature of Reform Judaism, and in recognition of the significant contributions of the Matriarchs.


Another addition is in maariv on Saturday night.

Before Him we shall worship in reverence and fear. Personal requests may be made during any of the blessings, but in the sixteenth blessing specifically, which asks God to hear our prayers, it is appropriate to insert one’s own requests.

Open my heart in Your Torah, and after [in] Thy commandments let me [my soul] pursue. Instead of beseeching God to rebuild Jerusalem and reestablish the Davidic monarchy, the Reform version is a prayer for the jebrew and continuing welfare of the land and people of Israel.

Do [this] for Thy name’s sake, do this for Thy right hand’s sake, do this for the sake of Thy holiness, do this for the sake of Hsbrew Torah. The concluding meditation ends with an additional prayer for the restoration of Temple worship. At every service except for maarivthe chazzan cantor repeats the Amidah after the congregation has recited the prayer privately.

Macmillan Reference USA, This may gebrew been simply because the language was well known to the Mishnah’s authors.

The closing three blessings speak of the hope of return to Temple worship, thanksgiving to God, and a prayer for peace. The prayer is recited standing with feet firmly together, and preferably while facing Jerusalem.

In Orthodox public worship, the Amidah is usually first prayed silently by the congregation and is then repeated aloud by the chazzan reader ; the repetition’s original purpose was to give illiterate members of the congregation a chance to participate in the collective prayer by answering ” Amen.

The Shabbat morning service speaks of God’s command to Hebres to keep the Shabbat as set forth in the Ten Commandments. Jose held that one should include something new in one’s prayer every day Talmud Yerushalmi Ber.

There is a logical basis for the order and content of the blessings. Conservative Judaism is divided on the role of the Mussaf Amidah. According to the Talmud, R.