Genus Baphia refers to using the heartwood of the plant to extract a red dye. Species nitida refers to the wood having a polished surface. Ethnobotanical Uses . Widespread in west Africa, there are no major threats to this species at present. However, it is largely utilized locally throughout its range as a source of building. Kingdom: Plantae. Phylum/Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Eudicots. Order: Fabales. Family: Fabaceae. Genus: Baphia. Species: B. nitida. Common Names .
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Because the dye does not baphla well in water the wood is boiled for 1. Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. The plant responds well to trimming and is grown as a hedge and fence[ ]. It is often cultivated near villages, formerly as a dyewood especially in Sierra Leone and Liberia, now more nirida as an ornamental shade tree or as fence and hedge.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Common Name Camwood, Baphia Family Fabaceae USDA hardiness Known Hazards None known Habitats An understorey tree in wetter parts of the coastal regions, in rainforest, in secondary forest and on abandoned farmland, from sea-level up to metres[ ]. The heartwood is pale brown when nitkda, turning rapidly to dark red or orange upon exposure. You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box.
Baphia nitida x – 31k – jpg tropicalplant. Camwood is easy to cultivate and can be propagated by seeds and cuttings. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 46 2: Email us at dbsthh nus. Don Delaria pyrifolia Desv. Flowers in axillary fascicles, 1—5-flowered, bisexual, papilionaceous; pedicel slender, 3—17 mm long; calyx spathaceous, 8—10 mm long, glabrous but with a tuft of brown hairs at apex; corolla with standard suborbicular, 1—2 cm in diameter, white with a yellow centre, wings nltida keel white with a pocket near the base; stamens 10, filaments unequal, free, up to 7 bapbia long; ovary superior, sessile, glabrous, sometimes with a row of silvery hairs along the dorsal margin, 1-celled, style curved, filiform, stigma small.
The resulting solution is diluted with water until the desired dye bath concentration is obtained, which differs according to the fibre or type of textile to be dyed and the colour wanted. The powdered leaves are taken with palm wine or food to cure venereal abphia ].
The wood is extremely hard, heavy and durable, close-grained and of fine texture. Finely ground root bark, mixed with honey, is taken against asthma[ ]. An infusion of the leaves is drunk to cure enteritis and other gastrointestinal problems[ ].
A guide to medicinal plants. Baphia nitida Baphia nitida x – 83k flickr. There are nitdia study abstracts related to Baphia nitida Lodd. It carves and turns well and planes smoothly.
It was a major source of bright to dark red colours in the big European cotton-printing industries, e. Herbage yields and quality in four woody forage plants in a subhumid environment in Ghana. Description This is a fast-growing smallish tree that can be as tall niida 5 m. The dark red wood is extremely hard and heavy and is traditionally used to make drumsticks, mortars and pestles and the spokes of state umbrellas to keep sun and rain from dignitaries.
Externally it is applied, together with Cissus quadrangularis L.
Combined with Cissus quadrangularis, it is used to treat bone fractures[ ]. The leaves or leaf juice are applied against parasitic gaphia diseases, and a leaf infusion is drunk to cure enteritis and other gastrointestinal problems.
Many-stemmed erect shrub or small tree up to 9 m tall with glabrous to densely pubescent branchlets. The bark and heartwood are great vaphia of a high quality red dye used to dye raffia and cotton textiles.
Camwood is also used as a medicinal plant. The leaves or leaf juice are used externally against parasitic skin diseases[ ]. Barwood, Dolo, Doro, African Sandalwood.
In the Colour Index the number of the dye is and it is classified as Natural Red 22, together with other redwoods. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 24 – 30?
These are followed by pointed pods, 7cm 3 ins long, which ripen in October and split open to release one or two dark brown, shiny seeds. Baphia Trees of Africa Faboideae stubs.
It reaches about 9 m 30 ft and produces small, fragrant pea flowers, white with yellow centres, from February to May. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.
Baphia nitida close up of a flower obtained from National Parks Board, Singapore. The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. There are 8 Wikipedia citations related to Baphia nitida Lodd.
Human Uses An excellent hedge plant used in screening off bahia, the height can vary depending on pruning to keep the hedge in shape.
Baphia nitida Lodd.
Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.
Phytotherapy Research 6 3: