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Because the existence of God is known in itself simply, as God is its own existence. Thus, for example, Monologion is conceived as a model of meditation on certain truths of faith, just as the subsequent Proslogion – based on unum argumentumor the ontological argumentation.
Briefly, it involves the promotion and justification of a certain type of relations between Christian theology and various scientific and stanilkae disciplines. Admittedly, learning and “the knowledge inherent in sciences can contribute to clarifying the Scripture”, but this does not represent a sufficient condition; the undertaking becomes possible “only if we have the only available key to the Scripture, the gift of the Holy Ghost”.
Among the main consequences detectable to this day are the varied cultural moulds that exist in the Christian world, as well as the scientific and civilizational lagging behind of the Orthodox East. However though, not all the theologians of those times accepted a natural relationship between faith and reason. Of great interest is his confession concerning the reading of certain of Plato’s books and the acknowledging of their beneficial influence.
Dumitru Staniloaie’s words are unequivocal: If we now consider the history of culture and civilisation as the framework in which faith and religious ideas play a central role for the human being, then Christianity founded upon the Holy Scripture and the Holy Traditions can dogmativa considered vvol founder of two possible worlds, i. Furthermore, the West accepted the autonomy of sciences by creating the ” seven liberal arts ” – an unacceptable concept for the Orthodox world, where logic was considered a mere organonand philosophy, an ancilla theologiae.
It was not long before some Romanians opened their eyes and understood that the Biblical parable has no applicability in political life, and that the “capitalist Samaritan” is a dogatica figment of their imagination. Today the “game” of European integration is well known tsaniloae many clear-sighted Romanians have acquired a lucid perception of the West, which incessantly and mercilessly urges us to wake up and embrace the rhythm of history.
After the scholastic period, the idea of a Mathesis universalis a science legitimised by reference to God stimulated the thinking of philosophers such as Descartes and Leibniz.
The difference between us and our Western peers is also highlighted by philosophical analysis. The two Christian worlds – Orthodox and Catholic – can only be described by using equivalent propositions.
For what is different from being does not exist, so that it necessarily follows, according to the argument of Parmenides, that all things that are are one and this is being. It is rational to believe that God makes Himself known to us through revelation and miracles. For him, as Jean Beaufret suggests, “duty represents the truest kind of prayer”.
Dumitru Staniloae – Teologia Dogmatica Ortodoxa (3).PDF
It alone can uplift us to God and bring us close to Him; and true saints are only those who have trained their minds in philosophy”. MaP MaS SaP Although John of Damascus considers logic a mere “organon” unlike Western philosophers, who viewed it as one of the seven liberal artsthis status was contested too after the great schism. In order to transcend multiplicity – e. After the revolution in DecemberRomanians had the conviction that the West embodies the charitable Samaritan who comes to the aid of the history-forsaken East.
Aristotle and the Western Culture The idea of theology as science of the divine was held at high esteem by Western Christianity, especially in the scholastic period, but also later on. Adamut, Literatura si Filozofie Crestina, vol.
In the East, philosophy was accepted only as servant of theology, and logic only as organoni. The nature of the oneness of multiplicity is exclusively conceptual, and the nature of the object denoted by the term multiple is either material, or non-material, e.
The formula seems paradoxical if we do not make a clear distinction between faith and stqniloae, or more exactly, if we do not understand the limits of the vpl between man’s two possible relationships with God.
Dumitru-staniloae-dogmatica-vol-1 | Mircea Mihai Dorinel –
For example, we can write, 1 All those who are Christian recognise Apostle Peter as the stepping stone on which Christ built His Church, the first Pope of the Church of the entire world as such; consequently, all Popes have an apostolic legitimacy.
A thinker who belonged to Orthodox Christianity must have found it hard to write that ” When people, who are indifferent wtaniloae cold and devoid of all generous tendencies, succeed to do good without any sentimental urge, that act of good has a high moral value “.
In Anselmus’ words, “Teach me how to search for You and reveal Yourself to the searcher: The apparent departure is not due to the number of centuries that separate us from the period that precedes the schism, but to the sustained efforts of doctrinarian purging invested especially after the schism.
Angels “apprehend the truth of things directly and without resorting to reasoning”; conversely, humans get to know the intelligible truth only by reasoning. If we analyse these statements carefully, staniliae realise that both propositions are pragmatic – or rather, axiological – statements, whose logical dogmatcia is different from that of cognitive statements.
In the economy of this paper, my focus falls on the reception by Christians of Aristotle’s work and of the rationalist spirit that derives from his philosophy. Preliminary Aspects The theme suggested by the title requires certain preliminary explanations.
During the first Christian centuries the situation was different. In Summa TheologieThomas emphasises the nature of human knowledge as opposed to the nature of knowledge among angels.
Teologia Dogmatica Ortodoxa Dumitru Staniloae Vol 1
Or, Gregory Palama asserts plainly in the dispute the need for a mystical experience of Etaniloae, for particular sciences are inefficient. If we restrict our consideration to Orthodoxy and Catholicism exclusively, then the two factual conditions are the objective elements of a cognitive proposition that can be symbolised as p and q.
In other words, science embraces as object of study something that transcends the multiplicity of things. Christianity dogmayica the Resurrection of the Aristotelian Spirit The type of relationship with one’s peers described in the parable of the charitable Samaritan, presupposes – apart from spiritual-religious aid – the satisfaction of a number of vital needs and interests among which those incessantly generated by culture and social practice.
We have here a triadic structure, i.
But precisely this determines us to affirm the following axiom: This reception had a powerful bearing on legitimising certain theoretical premises according to which the cultural moulding of the Christian world was accomplished along the centuries. Ross in The Works of Aristotle, Vol.