From the Publisher In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application. ECLIPSE OF REASON. By MAX HORKHEIMER. New York, Ox- ford University Press, PP. I This book is a remarkably penetrating study of the status. In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application to all spheres of life, .

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Contradictions, as Horkheimer says, are essential to discovering truth. It rather focuses on correctly grasping suffering. This is an ideological perspective that remains relentlessly pervasive throughout academia and in society more broadly.

Max Horkheimer, Eclipse of Reason – PhilPapers

I think I looked at the copyri This was a great read. The reduction of reason, once an objective quality of truth to which we could hold reality to account, to a mere trace or byproduct of ‘natural’ forces for the subject’s self-preservation in reality as-is deprives the individual of his or her most powerful tool for questioning the rightness of the ends suggested by the social reality they are presented.

One might also doubt the reliance on the power of the compassion. The Eclipse of Reason is an unrelenting assault on the various disciplines that fall prey to what Horkheimer describes as subjective reason. Mar 04, Leonardo marked it as to-keep-reference.

Eclipse of Reason

Cover of the first edition. He details the difference between objectivesubjective and instrumental reason, and states that we have moved from the former through the center and into the latter though subjective and instrumental reason are closely connected.

The focus in the objective faculty of reason is on the ends, rather than the means. Both Eclipse and Dialectic are nuanced texts that present a number of themes, but if there is one overarching theme to the work from the 40s it is, as horkhei,er German title suggests, the critical description of how reason collapses into irrationality through its emphasis on instrumental concerns.

East Dane Designer Men’s Fashion. In other words, for a critical theorist, he fulfills his role perfectly. Bullshit, Social Integration, and Political Legitimation: Knowledge also becomes a tool of social domination, as human nature becomes demystified and unified with the rest of nature as an object to be controlled. But he doesn’t concede that it must rule.


It is clearly the case, however, that there were many difficulties in carrying out the empirical research that was used in those studies see the historical discussion of this period in Wiggerschaus— Save this kax If you need to create a new bookshelf to save this article in, please make sure that you are logged in, then go to your ‘Account’ here.

The question of Eclipse of Reason is how in the post-enlightenment west could people be so blind to horlheimer interests under capitalism and rationalize the irrational brutality of fascism? The Mirror of Technique. At Frankfurt he studied psychology and philosophy, the latter with the neo-Kantian philosopher Hans Cornelius.

Humans, seeking collective fulfillment in the nation, a race, or leader, become objects of domination. Or is obedience to majority and marketplace sufficient?

Truth can only be discovered through dynamic thought: Subjective reason thus falls into incoherence, because as the drive toward self-preservation becomes more and more all encompassing, any real conception of the significance of what is to be preserved is lost.

It is as though Horkheimer wants to guard against a caricature of his earlier views as blindly equating theory and practice. Reason is no longer an autonomous force, but merely an instrument to be used by the blind forces of nature or power.

The best chapter of the book is The Rise and Decline of the Individual. Notify me of new posts via email.

Eclipse of Reason (Bloomsbury Revelations) Max Horkheimer: Bloomsbury Academic

Instead of using reason to organize and create society around ideals that we find readon, we now use reason to adapt to society as it exists and to make ourselves into as efficient cogs in the machine as we can be.

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Today’s secularized and individualized world has little need for scrutiny of arcane Christian dogma. Also, the role of the theorist vis-a-vis society changes.

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Sign in Create an account. In particular, Horkheimer wrote this book to address the actions of Third Reich Germany and how Nazism was able to make its genocidal goals appear reasonable and therefore justifiable. Your display name should be at least 2 characters long. Eclipse of Reason Cover of the first edition. Already in the investigation and determination of facts, and even more in the verification of theories, a role is played by the hor,heimer of attention, the refinement of methods, the categorical structure of the subject matter—in short, by human activity corresponding to the given social period.


Rather than pursuing an interest in understanding human existence, Horkheimer argues, metaphysics obscures the proper understanding of human life. Jan 31, Nick rated it liked it.

Pragmatism and positivism are representatives of instrumental reason, wanting to emulate the sciences in the experimental method pragmatismlogical reaso positivism and in eliminating metaphysics. Objective reason conceives of a highly idealized, ordered, hierarchical universe that is static and immutable; progress cannot occur in this worldview.

Nov 08, Mark rated it it was amazing Shelves: ComiXology Thousands of Digital Comics. Eclipse of Reason, then, is unfalteringly bleak reazon its outlook. In he was awarded the Goethe Plaque of the City of Frankfurt, and would later be named honorary citizen of Frankfurt for life.

Why didn’t the Bolshevik Revolution spread to Western Europe and succeed? Hegelian idealism and Marxist materialism were no doubt philosophical influences behind twentieth century fascism and communism.

How timely in this current resurgence of the very pre-fascistic nativism globally to see a philosopher and critical theorist dismantling the very process at work in this faux-regression, and how these movements reasln triggered in response to the resentful, alienated, reified subject.

There is no teleology to history as consciousness is developed under historical conditions for celipse needs.

A quiet little text, but probably one of the more significant foundational documents of the Frankfurt School, here by the most frankfurty of the bunch. Of course, Kant and so many who come after try to save this, but for Horkheimer, the damage has been done. Chi ama i libri sceglie Kobo e inMondadori.

This work sets out a distinction between objective and subjective, or instrumental, reason and eeason examines the consequences of the latter without the former. The principle of majority rule, interpreted as a demand that thinking conform to the statistical norm, has become “a new god, not in the sense in which the heralds of the great revolutions conceived it, namely, as a power of resistance to existing injustice, but as a power of resistance to anything that does not conform.