Charter for the Conservation of Unprotected Architectural Heritage and Sites in IndiaVersion Adapted at INTACH Convention on /04Version. The Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH) is a non-profit charitable organisation registered under the Societies’ Registration Act, Aline de Carvalho Luther Indian Heritage the process to INTACH’s Charter The Indian heritage is recognized by all nations as one of the most antique and.
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This sensibility for noticing that there are different values in different cultures culminated on the Nara Conference, which happened in the city of Nara, Japan, held from November And the whole history of conservation in India shows us that. At the charter they explain that there is a need of viewing conservation as a multicultural activity due to the influence of Western theories and principles, guidelines formulated by UNESCO, ICOMOS and international funding agencies and also to pre-existing, indigenous knowledge systems and skills of building.
Background research helps to ensure that no important structure or representative style of building is left out of the list. This sensibility was the product of the very particular English historical experience of the Romantic Movement and the industrial revolution on the one hand, and their interpretations as conservation ideology by such seminal thinkers as John Ruskin and William Morris on the other.
Crucially, a heritage zone proposal involves local residents in its drafting and implementation, in the belief that when their needs are respected local residents are the best partners in conservation. For example, Japan until the 19th century had a tradition of building almost all the constructions with wood. The Charter should guide the preservation of the second group of buildings and sites. A tribute to an all-time literary colossus in English literature On his st birth anniversary.
ASI was abolished in by Lord Lawrence —the viceroy of India at that moment, and revived only in by the same viceroy with the idea of establish a central department to tackle the archaeological problems of the whole country, since the government was giving attention for undertaking repairs and conservation, protecting the ancient monuments. SinceINTACH has pioneered the conservation and protection of India’s natural and cultural heritage and is today the largest membership organisation in the country dedicated to conservation.
If the international provisions are following this spirit they can be followed. Besieged by the forces of change brought about by rapid and generally unplanned urban development, the ASI responded by promulgating a draconian rule inwhich prohibited development within meters of a protected monument, and allowed only controlled development within the next meters. Monuments of importance to States are protected by the respective SDAs.
In selecting a building, particular attention should be paid to the following: The society also started a conservation movement that led to growing awareness of Indian culture, discovery and publication of ancient monuments, and study of Indian architecture.
Also in cases where the building or site loses its importance for the contemporary society and the relevance of the conservations is questioned, a modern re-development is something to be considered. The Indian charter must also address issues other than merely technical concerns of building conservation. Krishna Menon and B. Yet, this image should not be preserved in the manner of legally protected monuments, but must accommodate the imperatives of change in making the heritage relevant in contemporary society.
As result of this Conference there was deliberated the Nara Document on Authenticity.
CRZ regulations define development restrictions based on ground realities and so differ from site to site. Conservation Objectives Listing Guidelines for Conservation. It also provides the rationale for undertaking conservation work in the resource-constrained Indian context. Town planners direct their attention towards development not conservation. In recent years INTACH has been fortunate to receive support from the central government and several state governments, corporate houses and international agencies.
THE once obscure discipline of architectural conservation is today a bitterly contested field. When it becomes necessary to modernise and comprehensively alter the original internal functional characteristics of the building or site, its external image must be retained.
And between them are an array of politicians, bureaucrats and activists, each with newly discovered opinions about conserving heritage. The material is not dominant, but the technique, the knowhow. The Heritage Zone concept requires that the conservation of unprotected architectural heritage and sites must be sensitively planned, but also aligned with the imperatives of routine development process.
This subject is really important for the charter and they give a definition about that, as followed. Conservation-oriented development must be the preferred strategy for social and economic progress. This is the fundamental aspect of the Charter. This is of particular relevance to the conservation of those monuments not currently protected by either the ASI or its state-level counterparts.
Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage – Wikipedia
This is the ground reality, and perhaps reflects the deep structure of civilizational aesthetic norms. While the legitimacy of both systems is recognised in their respective spheres of operation, the working system of the ASI dominates official imagination.
The authenticity in this point of view is not the one from the original material, but the authenticity of the essence of the traditional building. Clearly, conservation in India has to be development oriented. Such re-use distinguishes between preservation as an ideal on the one hand and, on the other, the goal to prolong the useful life of architectural heritage by retaining as much and not necessarily, all of the surviving evidence as a vestigial presence. It may also be necessary to bring out regionspecific guidelines so that conservation practices can be sensitive charyer regional material and cultural attributes.
Many of this unprotected heritage sites are still in use and the absence of the protection allows people to do whatever they want, including unsympathetic interventions and demolitions. Any new use must be introduced inhach after studying its effect on the local context, and must conform to the carrying capacity and vulnerability of the architectural heritage. Modern substitutes should be considered only after their use is proven efficient and judicious, and must not compromise the integrity and continuity of local building traditions.
In fact, one of the foundational principals of modern conservation practice is the imperative that conservation stops when conjecture begins.
I ndian students were sent to York University to imbibe those values first hand and learn western methods and devices to use in India. But the ground has shifted from under its feet. It is only in this manner that our society can translate our social, cultural and economic values into an appropriate conservation practice for our times.
Precincts or properties with multiple owners A historic building complex may comprise of numerous ancillary structures besides the main structure. Listing must be carried out by or under the supervision of experienced conservation architects.
Lord Curzon was really interested in the Indian heritage, having an active participation for its preservation, giving himself instructions about repair and conservation.