Leaderless Jihad: Terror Networks in the Twenty-First Century; By Marc Sageman; ; Book; Published by: University of Pennsylvania Press; View | Save. Sageman, Marc. Leaderless Jihad. Terror Networks in the Twenty-First Century. UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA PRESS. In the post-September 11 world, Al Qaeda is no longer thecentral organizing force that aids or authorizes terrorist attacksor recruits terrorists. It is now mor.

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Picking up on his earlier study Understanding Terror Networks, Sageman argues that terror networks are built through ties of kinship and friendship.

Project MUSE – Leaderless Jihad

Sageman uses this framework to contextualize the rise of so-called self-starters, the leaderless jihad. What separates this book from the bulk of material produced in recent years is its cogent analysis, direct assessments, and accessibility. While including calls to prevent the acquisition of weapons of mass destruction by terrorist groups and action to eliminate terrorist networks, Sageman also calls for other policies, such as greater funding for serious scholarship on terrorism.

Moreover, there is a growing body of specialists who focus on the application of social movement studies to extremist Islamism. This violence is a break with the historical precedent of terrorism directed by what has come to be known as al-Qaeda central. Four Radicalization in the Diaspora pp.

Leaderless Jihad

He is the author of the bestselling Understanding Terror Networksalso available from the University of Pennsylvania Press. Terror Networks in the Twenty-First Century. The last chapter focuses on a series of policy recommendations designed to combat terrorism. Sageman, whom I know professionally, updates and expands his earlier work on what drives radical elements of a society to terrorism. The book concludes with Sageman’s recommendations jhiad the application of his research to counterterrorism law enforcement efforts.

Careful analysis and well-articulated research is rare amid the onslaught of recent books devoted to terrorism and violent Islamist extremism. To be fair, Sageman does not dismiss ideology; rather Leaderless Jihad focuses on understanding the bottom-up social mobilization that has become increasingly more common today.


Building on his previous groundbreaking work on the Al Qaeda network, forensic psychiatrist Marc Sageman has greatly expanded his research to explain how Islamic terrorism emerges and operates in the twenty-first century. Seven The Rise of Leaderless Jihad pp. Another major contribution of Leaderless Jihad is the identification of a four-pronged radicalization process.

Related articles in Google Scholar. The outrage is acted on by a group, either online or offline. Who you know plays a large part in the collective recruitment process. The outrage is acted on by a group, either online or offline. Sign in via your Institution Sign in.

Click here for reprint permission. For permissions please e-mail: Leaderless Jihad is a timely study that should be read by researchers, analysts and policy makers alike.

In Leaderless JihadSageman rejects the views that place responsibility for terrorism on society or a flawed, predisposed individual. Instead, he argues, the individual, outside influence, and group dynamics come together in a four-step process through which Muslim youth become radicalized. Sageman is careful to note that this is not a linear process, nor is it a progression with easily definable boundaries.

As a fellow researcher, I would have liked to see more detail about the cases he tracks, especially as his data set represents a potentially invaluable resource for other academics. Search the full text of this book: Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide. Project MUSE Mission Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide.

Two The Globalization of Jihadi Terror pp. Don’t have an account? Sageman points out that Leaderless Jihad at times reads like a primer for the or so government policy makers and senior planners concerned with terrorism.

Terror Networks in the Twenty First Century. The young jihadists want to become heroes, so they need to be provided with alternative role models, such as Muslim soccer stars and other successful community leaders. Perhaps more important, he identifies important policies that will no doubt do much to short-circuit the radicalization process: Since most Muslims are not extremists, why are so many young Muslims drawn to extremist interpretations of Islam as the basis for establishing radical regimes in their societies?


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Leaderless jihad

It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Usually in a chat room or other Internet-based venues, adherents share this moral outrage, which resonates with the personal experiences of others. It stands what you think jiuad know about terrorism on its head and helps you see the topic in a different light.

Sageman, the al Qaeda-led Islamist social movement consists of several thousand members uihad of a worldwide Muslim population of some 1. As a forensic psychiatrist and a former CIA case officer working with the Afghan resistance during the Soviet occupation, Sageman offers keen insights in a well-crafted and thoroughly documented assessment of the rise of al-Qaedainspired and al-Qaeda-aspirant terrorism.

It is now more a source of inspiration for terrorist acts carried out by independent local groups that have branded themselves with the Al Qaeda name. Radical Muslims represent a minority within the Muslim world.

You could not be signed in. Sageman, because as a social movement it has dramatically grown beyond its organizational origins.

Built on the Johns Hopkins University Campus. Sageman’s data-driven approach is all too rare in a field dominated by informed when we’re fortunate opinion. Email alerts New issue alert. First, traumatic events either experienced personally or learned about indirectly spark moral outrage.

This process helps us understand the radicalization process; however, as others have noted, another important factor is the role of radical ideology.