Saneamento Básico (Portuguese Lei 07 lei do. LEGISLAÇÃO E SANEAMENTO BÁSICO. ESTATUTO DA CIDADE. Lei Nº. de Julho de SANEAMENTO BASICO. Lei Nº. de 05 de Janeiro. Pan American Health Organization Política e Plano de Saneamento Ambiental: and operation, and the National Sanitation Policy (Federal Law ), whose councils are not deliberative. .. Guia para a elaboração de Planos Municipais de Saneamento Básico – Brasília: ______ Lei , de 5 de janeiro de
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Dependencies and other territories. In addition, it is important to include qualitative analyses which consider the social-political context at different levels Eli et al.
The debate around technical options is a constant theme in the sanitation field, given that these actions impact, not only on human health, but also on the environment. They administer large public pension funds, such as the FGTS, which invest, among others, in water and sanitation.
Acesso em 26 de jan. Planasa was the first federal government initiative in water and sanitation in Brazil. Loans to state governments from international financial institutions, such as the World Bank and the IDB, are also passed on to utilities as a non-reimbursable contribution to their capital.
Furthermore, it is important to implement a process for the qualitative evaluation of kei strategies. The points mentioned above lead us to reflect on the ambiguous nature of the expression “social control” and to what extent its institutionalization and the consequent formalization of these strategies in Brazil have helped society to exert control over the State. It is important to adopt a cross-sectorial approach involving sectors such as basic sanitation and health, the environment and urban planning, given there is a need to integrate these actions.
Jouralev recommends investing in the training and education of the population.
The institutionalization of popular participation in the Brazilian Constitution was the result of pressure by social movements and is linked to the furthering of democracy and citizenship DAGNINO, To address the challenges in the sector, the National Water Supply and Sanitation System was created in The financially most solid utilities also tap the capital market directly either through the Brazilian stock market or borrow from commercial Banks.
In December the federal government approved a National Sanitation Plan Plansab that aims to reach universal access to drinking water byand universal access to sanitation in urban areas by The aim is to transform this document into legislation and, in this way, ensure the empowerment of the population, thus providing them with a formal mechanism to claim their rights BRASIL, Generally speaking, society is becoming increasingly “de-politicized” with regard to public policies.
Such subsidies benefit many who are not poor. Water and csanitation tariffs in many Brazilian cities are relatively high compared to other Latin American cities. Restricting participation to representatives can hinder the development of a real culture of association and participation.
It is important to be aware of the characteristics of each place, including historical, political and geographical elements, levels of association, the political project of the local government, as well as the national context.
Since the federal government “buys” treated wastewater through an innovative program called PRODESwhich allows utilities to access federal grants if they properly operate and maintain their wastewater treatment plants. Las tarifas de agua potable y alcantarillado en America Latina, p. Historical Bsido and Institutional Change, in: The effectiveness of the bsick control of sanitation implies a permanent learning process.
However, loans from the Caixa and BNDES are not made directly to utilities, but to the states, which in turn pass on funds to the utilities as saheamento non-reimbursable contribution to their capital. At the national level the Ministry of Cities coordinates sector policies, which are implemented by various Ministries. Progress in terms of participation is characterized by an increase in influence in the decision-making process, which can evolve to the point where power is transferred to the population who saneaento responsible for decision-making and even implementation.
Thus, this study proposes that the technical team involved in sanitation and the elaboration of PMSBs construct spaces for discussion and value community knowledge. There are two forms of describing sanitation, one relating to health prevention and the other to health promotion.
Sanwamento update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. The expressions “popular participation” and “social participation” are used because they refer to participation in social control arenas. In most parts of Brazil a low social tariff applies to the first block of consumption. Water supply and sanitation in Brazil.
Saneamento Básico – Alchetron, The Free Social Encyclopedia
Despite the fact that this document does not recommend drafting a social mobilization plan as a development stage, it stresses the importance of popular participation across the entire process and suggests a participation scale and a number of criteria to take into account.
The diffusion of funding sources and the fragmentation of policies, as well as the absence of central regulation in sanitation, makes social control difficult.
Given the different experiences of social control in sanitation and the development of PMSBs in general, the local political environment, cultural preferences and local habits particularly with regard to personal cleaning habits and the relationship with space must be considered.
Change in tariffs over time.
In this perspective, the purpose of sanitation is to implement engineering systems associated to a set of beico actions for improving health. It also aims at increasing transparency and “social control”. Os donos do poder: Setting up mechanisms or procedures for popular participation in the regulatory process does not in itself guarantee effective participation.
Water supply and sanitation in Brazil
The share was on average 2. Mato Grosso do Sul.
Retrieved from ” https: The plan foresess federal subsidies to municipalities, provided they draw up local water and wastewater plans. Any lack of empowerment may leave these arenas discredited and powerless.
The current model relies on the local political project and on representatives from organized civil society groups in councils divided into specific topics. In light of the above, the aim of this study is to contribute to the development of strategies to support the social control of sanitation activities by reflecting on the Brazilian context of developing democracy and citizenship within popular participation forums.
The Ministry of Cities prepared a Guide for Drafting Basic Sanitation Municipal Plans, where it sets out criteria and concepts which, when applied to the peculiarities of each municipality, can facilitate the task of planning basic sanitation systems.
BRASIL, developed a hierarchical classification model similar to Arnstein’s which includes seven participation levels, varying according to the degree to which the community is involved. Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo.