GPC: Diagnóstico y Tratamiento de actinomicosis en el Adulto. Autores y infección del surco cérvico-facial a través de la facia profunda de cuello; o. hasta el momento como factor de riesgo, la disrupción mucosa generada podría favorecer el inicio del cuadro. Palabras clave: actinomicosis cervicofacial. Cervicofacial actinomycosis is a chronic disease characterized by abscess formation, draining sinus tracts, fistulae, and tissue fibrosis.

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Actinomycosis occurs rarely in humans, but rather frequently in cattle as a disease called “lumpy jaw”. In severe cases, they may penetrate the surrounding bone and muscle to the skin, where they break open and leak large amounts of puswhich often contains characteristic granules sulfur granules filled with progeny bacteria. Actinomyces bacteria are generally sensitive to penicillinwhich is frequently used to treat actinomycosis.

Actinomycosis is primarily caused by any of several members of the bacterial genus Actinomyces. Baron S; et al.

It can also affect swine, horses, and dogs, and less often wild animals and sheep. Actinomycosis A man with actinomycosis on the right side of his face Specialty Infectious disease Actinomycosis is a rare infectious bacterial disease caused by Actinomyces species.

Actinomycosis – Wikipedia

Actinobacteria primarily A00—A79—, — Univ of Texas Medical Branch. These bacteria are generally anaerobes. This name refers to the large abscesses that grow on the head and neck of the infected animal. InEugen Bostroem isolated the causative organism from a culture of grain, grasses, and soil. In cases of penicillin allergy, doxycycline is used.


Corynebacterium diphtheriae Diphtheria Corynebacterium minutissimum Erythrasma Corynebacterium jeikeium Group JK corynebacterium sepsis. Tuberculoid leprosy Borderline tuberculoid leprosy Borderline leprosy Borderline lepromatous leprosy Lepromatous leprosy Histoid leprosy.

An affected human often has recently had dental workpoor oral hygieneperiodontal diseaseradiation therapyor trauma broken cerviccofacial causing local tissue damage to the oral mucosaall of which predispose the person to developing actinomycosis.

US National Atcinomicosis of Medicine.

The diagnosis of actinomycosis can be a difficult one to cervicfacial. Infobox medical condition new CS1: Williams gynecology 2nd ed. This infection depends on other bacteria Gram-positive, Gram-negative, and cocci to aid in invasion of tissue.

Views Read Edit View history. Actinomyces israelii Actinomycosis Cutaneous actinomycosis Tropheryma whipplei Whipple’s disease Acyinomicosis haemolyticum Arcanobacterium haemolyticum infection Actinomyces actinomicosus.

The three most common sites of infection are decayed teeth, the lungs, and the intestines. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. After Bostroem’s discovery, a general misconception existed that actinomycosis was a mycosis that affected individuals who chewed grass or straw.

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy may also be used as an adjunct to conventional therapy when the disease process is refractory to antibiotics and surgical treatment.

Baron’s Medical Microbiology 4th ed. Actinomycosis does not occur in isolation from other bacteria. This page was last edited on 27 Decemberat Retrieved 16 August By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Violinist Joseph Joachim died of actinomycosis on 15 August Disease incidence is greater in males between the ages of 20 and 60 years than in females.


American Public Health Association. Actinomycetaceae Actinomyces israelii Actinomycosis Cutaneous actinomycosis Tropheryma whipplei Whipple’s disease Arcanobacterium haemolyticum Arcanobacterium haemolyticum infection Actinomyces gerencseriae.

The condition is likely to be polymicrobial aerobic anaerobic infection. Retrieved from ” https: Actinomycosis is a rare infectious bacterial disease caused by Actinomyces species.


These granules are named due to their appearance, but are not actually composed of sulfur. Fitzpatrick’s Dermatology in General Medicine 7th ed. Incidence of oral actinomycosis, which is harder to diagnose, has increased. The American Journal of Gastroenterology. Painter Halfdan Egedius died from actinomcosis.

Incidence in the U. The disease is characterised by the formation of painful abscesses in the mouthlungs cervicotacial, [3] [4] breast[5] or gastrointestinal tract. Sherris Medical Microbiology 4th ed.

Cervicofacial Actinomycosis: Diagnosis and Management.

D ICD – Proceedings of the American Thoracic Society. Inpathologist Otto Bollinger described the presence of A. In addition to microbiological examinations, magnetic resonance imaging and immunoassays may be helpful.

Response to therapy is slow and may take months.