The inguinal ligament is a band running from the pubic tubercle to the anterior superior iliac spine. It forms the base of the inguinal canal through which an indirect inguinal hernia may develop. The inguinal canals are the two passages in the anterior abdominal wall which in males convey A hernia that exits the abdominal cavity directly through the deep layers of the abdominal wall, thereby bypassing the inguinal canal, is known. Inguinal Hernia: Anatomy and Management is intended for general surgeons and hernia specialists. The goal of this activity is to define current treatment.

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Anatimi opening to the inguinal canal is located just above this point. This article uses anatomical terminology; for an overview, see anatomical terminology. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

All in One Anatomy Review – Volume 3: Then, they blend with the anterior abdominal wall at the site lateral to the inferior epigastric blood vessels. The peritoneal sac and potentially loops of bowel enters the inguinal canal via the deep inguinal ring.

Inguinal ligament

The mid-inguinal point, halfway between the anterior superior iliac spine and the pubic symphysis, is the landmark for the femoral artery. These structures are inguinais landmarks for making a correct diagnosis and performing accurate surgeries Figure 8. Laparoscopic procedures are especially suitable for recurrent and bilateral inguinal hernia 12.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Inguinal canal. Where these contents exit through the inguinal canal, having passed through the deep inguinal ringthe condition is known as an indirect or oblique inguinal hernia. Some researchers have described it as a two-layer structure, while other researchers have described it as a single-layer structure; some researchers have reported that the transverse fascia is thick and dense in structure, while other researchers have reported that it is thin in structure.

Anatomy essentials for laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair

The space of Bogros is located lateral to the space of Retzius and is bound anteriorly by the superficial transverse fascia, medially by the inferior epigastric blood vessels, laterally by the pelvic wall, and posteriorly by the psoas muscle, the external iliac vessels and the femoral nerve. The corona mortis includes arteries and veins, most of which travel alone and leave the pelvic cavity via the obturator canal.


During surgery, after the preperitoneal retropubic space is separated, care should be taken that the anwtomi transverse abdominal fascia is tightly attached to the anterior abdominal wall at the site lateral to the inferior epigastric blood vessels when separating the space of Bogros Figure 7.

Thus, the internal spermatic fascia must be incised during separation of the oblique inguinal hernia sac Figure 5 to expose the spermatic cord structures and the hernia sac. In both sexes the canals transmit the ilioinguinal nerves.

Fig 1 — Overview of the inguinal canal. Anatoi triangle of pain is a triangular area located lateral to the dangerous triangle and bound inghinalis the iliopubic tract, the testicular vessels and the peritoneal fold. Clinical data have shown that the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve and the femoral branch of the genitofemoral nerve are more commonly damaged.

The inguinal crural ligament runs from the anterior superior iliac crest of the ilium to the pubic tubercle of the pubic bone. Usually, the preperitoneal retropubic space is considered to be equivalent to the space of Retzius. The peritoneum is in place, and the various cords are shining through.

Schematic of the principle of adult laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. Clinically it is important to note that the opening to the inguinal canal is located laterally to the inferior epigastric artery.

Most of the inferior epigastric arteries are branches of the external iliac arteries or veins. Retrieved uernia ” https: Muscle quadratus lumborum Iliopsoas psoas major psoas minor iliacus. Evaluation of orthopedic and athletic injuries. The inguinal canals are the two passages in the anterior abdominal wall which in males convey the spermatic cords and in females the round ligament of uterus.


The transverse fascia is a complicated and contentious anatomical structure. In this article, we shall look at the anatomy of the inguinal canal — its development, borders and contents.

Prosection 1 — The superficial inguinal ring and contents of the inguinal canal.

Indirect Inguinal Hernia Indirect inguinal hernias are the more common of the two types. Large herniations are possible in which the peritoneal sac and its contents may traverse the anatpmi inguinal canal, emerge through the superficial inguinal ring, and reach the scrotum. The anatomy of these procedures is totally different from traditional open procedures because they are performed from different direction and in different space.

Inguinal Hernia A hernia is defined as the protrusion of an organ or fascia through the wall of a cavity that normally contains it. Inguinal triangle Inguinal canal Deep inguinal ring Superficial inguinal ring Intercrural fibers Inguialis of superficial inguinal ring Inguinal ligament Pectineal ligament Lacunar ligament Reflected ligament.

Inguinal canal

The iliopubic tract is a thickened tendinous structure of the transverse abdominal fascia that connects the anterior superior iliac spine and the pubic tubercle and parallels the inguinal ligament Figure The Inguinqlis Canal Original Author: Support Center Support Center.

Overall, it is a thin aponeurotic membrane that lies between the rectus abdominis, the deep layer of the transverse abdominal muscle, and the peritoneum. Lower anterior abdominal wall, transverse fascia and spaces the right lower anterior abdominal wall is taken as an example.

In fact, the structure of the transverse fascia is not important in the TAPP approach or the IPOM repair; therefore, the transverse fascia is often neglected. August 7, Revisions: