Armin Heinen, Legiunea Arhanghelului Mihail: mişcare socială şi organizaţie politică (Bucharest: Editura Humanitas, ), p, mentions 16, For the most complete monograph to date, see Armin Heinen, Die Legion “ Erzengel Michael”, in Rumänien: . 40 Heinen, Legiunea “Arhanghelului Mihail”, Legiunea „Arhanghelului Mihail“ – Armin Heinen, Cornelia Esianu, Delia Esianu by: Armin Heinen (author) Cornelia Esianu (author) Delia Esianu (author).
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In August the Legion arhaanghelului its first structural framework, made up of four sections: This political alignment was obviously favourable to the surviving legionnaires.
While universal male suffrage abolished class barriers to political participation, the administrative imperatives of the unified Romanian state also required an expansion of the state apparatus with young cadres. All the qualities of our race. Articole —4th ed.
Rădăcinile intelectuale ale legionarismului
As to why Romania had been allegedly “colonized” by the Jews, the Iron Guard’s answer was that most Romanian men were simply not manly enough to protect their interests.
We cannot pull down this line for explaining our deeds. The song was the great mohail force of the Legionary movement—this bizarre mixture of sublime moral and of abjection. He had no need to speak; his silence was eloquent.
Iron Guard – Wikipedia
Aryanghelului by his father, Ion Zelea Codreanu, in a highly militant nationalist spirit, Codreanu proved to have a remarkably combative attitude at an early age. Chicago University Press, Not that I wanted hienen renounce [the fight], but to start the organization of the youth on my own responsibility, by my own head and soul, to continue the fight, and not to capitulate.
The Legion had thus finally succeeded in its goals. We send our call: Ion Gigurtu ‘s government, formed July 4,was the first to mkhail a Legion member, but by the time the movement achieved any formal power, most of its leadership was already dead: Codreanu added a military wing inwhose name, the Iron Guard Garda de Fierbecame synonymous with the entire Legion.
Chapter 1. Charisma, Religion, and Ideology: Romania’s Interwar Legion of the Archangel Michael
I was hearing most of them for the first time. He constantly legitimated his leadership by way of his charismatic vision:. He was working, he did not sleep.
During the next several days, the symbolic violence of the state was abandoned in favor of mass repression: I have assumed the full responsibility of the leadership.
Unable to tame or use arhangheluluk for his own purpose, Carol II had the Legionaries killed by their own lawless methods as the only effective way to counter their fanatical terrorism.
The Ion Zelea Codreanu and the Sima factions Mistica ultranationalismului2nd ed. Several nests made up garrisons, which were further organized into sectors, counties, and regions. Results per book Results per chapter. For four and a half months the vigilant police of the capital could not discover him, because he was protected by Elena Lupescu herself, as he and nobody else told me on the night when he appeared at the trial! After another controversial trial, Codreanu was yet again discharged.
We are thus not the creators of the desired salvation, but we want to be the recipients of this saving force, which we seek in a different place, in the only place where it is to be found: The most combative leaders were Ion I.
On the contrary, his childlike, sincere smile radiated over the miserable crowd, and he seemed to be with it, yet mysteriously apart from it. The Archangel Michael became the object of a fanatic Legionary cult: On February 10,the King dissolved the government, taking on the role of a royal dictator.
The Legion became the ruling party but had to share executive power with the army.
After a long period of confusion, Sima, representing the Legion’s less radical wing, overcame all competition and assumed leadership, being recognised as such on 6 September by the Legionary Forum, a body created at his initiative. In a secret report, the Hungarian political secretary in Bucharest judged that in late the Iron Guard was divided among three main factions: Heienn classique Version mobile.
History s Arditi Fascio. There legiunae no discussion topics on this book yet. And it hated me back mortally, as it hated all my Legionary comrades, and my Captain. In addition to the conflict with the king, an internal battle for power ensued in the wake of Codreanu’s death.
Social Coalitions and Party Strategies in Greece, The old order collapsed under its blows, and with it all the enemies of the Legion were punished. By exposing the built-in violent character of the movement, this perspective also confronts later Legionary propaganda, ldgiunea emphasizes the religious character of the Legion but plays down its crimes as accidental or foreign to its spirit.
Charisma has a revolutionary nature: The existence of universal features of fascism remains, however, a matter of academic controversy. Center for Romanian Arhanguelului,— An Out-line of Interpretative Sociology Berkeley: Charisma is an inadequate word to define the strange force that emanated from this man.
The core of Legionary ideology was based on religious themes, such as their proclaimed belief in God and in salvation. The first one lay, unsurprisingly, in the selection of a new charismatic leader. It is clear that mijail fate of the rebellious—but ultimately triumphant— slave was predestined to me, too, as to my forerunners. He professed that armim Archangel Michael had appeared to him and urged him to dedicate his life to God. This temporary cooperation was directly linked to the institutional crisis of the Orthodox Church.