El asalto a la razón: la trayectoria del irracionalismo desde Schelling hasta Hitler / Georg Lukács ; [traducción de Wenceslao Roces] Edición 1ª ed. en español. Libros de Segunda Mano – Pensamiento – Filosofía: Georg lukács. el asalto a la razón. la trayectoria del irracionalismo de schelling a hitler. Compra, venta . Libros de Segunda Mano – Pensamiento – Filosofía: Lukács, georg. el asalto a la razón: la trayectoria del irracionalismo desde schelling hasta hitler. Compra.
|Published (Last):||18 October 2017|
|PDF File Size:||8.23 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||16.95 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Now if, from the Renaissance to the French Revolution, men were projecting as a model an image of the Greek lu,acs that was full of such illusions, its nucleus was nonetheless made up of real evolutionary currents, the real evolutionary trends of a rising bourgeois society; hence of elements of its own social life and perspectives of its own concrete future.
Du Hast Es Besser: Our politics are sick through this absence of courage! But at the same time, it had to preserve the vague religiosity that mattered to the survival of capitalist society. Gazon, on the one hand, the bourgeoisie at this time was truly the spearhead of all those classes challenging assalto feudal remnants of absolutism, and thus had a certain right to identify its own interests with those of social evolution considered as a whole.
Anticipating the spread of agnosticism into the sphere of myth, he showed in his myth-making a careless daring asaltto general bourgeois developments only came close to matching at the end of the first imperialist world war, as in the work of Spengler.
There is one further point to consider as well. But there is nothing outside the whole! Nietzsche, der Philosoph und PolitikerLeipzig, n. Der einsame NietzscheLeipzigpp.
But in actual fact an academic scholasticism was growing up, and trivial professorial squabbles over insignificant nuances were replacing the great philosophical conflicts.
A Very Short Introduction. Nietzsche intended his ethics to razkn their selection, education, breeding. The level of the species is not being raised.
I want to give egotism a clear conscience. This lz situation too is typical not only of Nietzsche but of all bourgeois philosophy in the age of its decline. Indeed he saw in the lack of aristocratic form the very reason for the rise of the socialists: Higher types may well be reached, but they are not enduring.
And he did so precisely by suggesting that they were not over-egotistic but rather lacking in egotism, and that they must — with a good conscience — become more egotistic still. Granted, Nietzsche too was bent on attacking.
The epistemological appeal to adopt the most extreme lujacs, to deny completely all knowability of the world and all reason, coupled with a moral appeal to all the bestial and barbaric instincts, is an — unconscious — admission of this position.
This, we believe, is right because it contains the immediate reasoning behind these ethics and particularly their revolutionary gestures such as the transvaluation of all values. Some very essential features of a real bourgeois-revolutionary transformation were lacking in Germany and Italy to say nothing of Austria and Hungaryand there still existed very many relics of feudal absolutism, but from now on it was only thinkable that these could be liquidated through a revolution led by the proletariat.
That is why the acknowledgement of the criminal type was so important to Nietzsche. The fascist ideologists too started out from the contrasts between Nietzsche and Bismarck. And as the class struggle intensified and one illusion crumbled after another, it expanded into an intellectual anticipation of the imperialist phase in capitalist evolution.
In reality the situation is the reverse of this.
Christianity is the revolt of all grovelling creatures against that which has stature: Christianity is the revolt of all grovelling creatures against that which has stature: He was, on the contrary, idealizing those egotistic tendencies in the declining bourgeoisie rwzon were burgeoning in his own lifetime and became truly, lukas prevalent in the imperialist period.
But Nietzsche, as we shall see in more detail later, was able to enshrine and formulate in his works some of the most important lasting features of reactionary attitudes to the imperialist period, and to the age of world wars and revolutions. Asalho quotes from Pausanias the Hesiod passage about the two goddesses Eris: Apologetic aims aside, his ignorance of the socio-economic differences between two ages necessarily led to this romantic idealism.
Questions which play a decisive part in, for instance, neo-Kantian thought, such as those of legality and morality, never even occur in his work.
But this is an illusion, and it is highly likely that Nietzsche was labouring under it himself. The concept of the Beyond and the true world, invented to devalue the only world that there is — leaving no purpose, reason or task for for earth-reality! Naturally enough, it revealed itself with particular vehemence in times of crisis for instance, the ban on socialists, the fate of Naturalism, the First World War and the Expressionist movement in Germany, boulangisme and the Dreyfus Affair in France, etc.
And their outcome determined — philosophically — the Concrete questions of the interpretation of history, etc. In the circumstances we deem it necessary to point out the striking parallels which also exist between Nietzsche and Mach on the question of God.
Certainly it is no coincidence that Nietzsche lapsed into romantic fatuity in this particular area; after all, it is the main problem in his philosophizing.
Lukacs. El asalto a la Razón..pdf
To be sure, he did strike a special note in his determination to think reactionary bourgeois tendencies through to the most extreme consequences and openly to state their conclusions in a crude and paradoxical form. The similarity to which Kaufmann draws attention is of a purely external, stylistic nature. Of course we can find many latecomers — especially in literature and art wsalto for whose work this thesis by no means holds good we need only to mention Dickens and Keller, Courbet and Daumier.
Nor is it the same as ordered and purposeful artisan labour in the Middle Ages, as contrasted by the young Carlyle with the division of labour and an qsalto of anarchy.
The Destruction of Reason by Georg Lukacs
This, however, changed at once the subject and mode of expression of each and every reactionary philosophy. Of course we can find many latecomers — especially in literature and art — for whose work this thesis by no means holds good we need only to mention Dickens and Keller, Courbet and Daumier.
Nietzsche, on the contrary, called for active participation on behalf of reaction, of imperialism. Only in the light of all these facts are we entitled to claim — without losing a just sense of proportion — that the years marked another turning-point in the development of ideology. It goes without saying that this applies to an even greater degree to the truths of morality: Nietzsche, however, was not satisfied with tracing the good and true back to biological vital interests, thereby depriving them of all absolute, objective worth.
Philosophers know instinctively what is theirs to defend, and where the enemy lurks. Marx to Lassalle, Such phantoms as the dignity of man, the dignity of labour are the shabby products of a slave mentality hiding from its own nature. What Engels said of the lawyers is valid in an even acuter sense for philosophy: In The Will to Power we read: Every philosopher has neglected to explain why he values the true and the good, and none has sought to attempt the same for the opposite.
The need is for a new reign of terror.