Class: Eudicots. Order: Malpighiales. Family: Rhizophoraceae. Genus: Bruguiera . Species: B. cylindrica. Common Names: Bakau Putih. Status: Native, Common. Bakau putih. Bruguiera cylindrica. Family Rhizophoraceae Southeast Asia to Australia. Locally, in various sites. Tree up to 20 m tall with buttresses and kneed . Bruguiera cylindrica is an evergreen shrub or a tree that can grow up to 23 metres tall, though it is usually rather smaller. The bole can be up to 20 – 30cm in .

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In the Malay language it is known as bakau putih. The petals of the flower hold loose pollen and are under tension.

Bruguiera malabarica Arnold Rhizophora caryophylloides Burm. Want to share your sightings? It is used for parts of the hull and, especially, for the keel of canoes in the Maldive Islands. Distribution in Singapore on this wildsingapore flickr map. Flowers are greenish and grouped in threes. Mangrove and wetland wildlife at Sungei Buloh Nature Park.

The aerial roots or pneumatophores project from the soil in cylindrifa loops and have many lenticels which allow air into the interconnecting roots while excluding water.

Fishermen do not like to use the wood for fish-traps as they say it has a peculiar smell that frightens fishes away. Bark greyish with small corky bumps lenticels.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Petals thin, white tipped with tassels. Make your own badge here.

WoRMS – World Register of Marine Species – Bruguiera cylindrica (Linnaeus) Blume

There are a large number of marine invertebrates associated with mangolds including spongesascidiansmolluscsshrimps and crabs and also a number of fish and birds. A Guide to the Mangroves of Singapore I.

Flowers small 1cmemerging from cylinsrica short stalk. It has been described as characteristic of newly established substrates and able to withdstand prolonged submersion.

It is particularly common in the back mangroves. The glossy green leaves are opposite, simple and elliptical with pointed ends. It may form pure stands. Bark produces a peculiar odour which frightens away fish. Leaves are simple, elliptic, x cm, opposite and a petiole that is often reddish. General Biology The plant grows in the inner mangroves, often forming pure stands.

Bruguiera cylindrica

According to Giersen, the timber is heavy and reddish. According to Tomlinson, the flowers are pollinated by day flying insects such as butterflies. Leaves eye-shaped cm long stiff leathery glossy, arranged opposite one another.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Photos Bakau putih for free download from wildsingapore flickr.

Bruguiera cylindrica can be confused with Bruguiera gymnorhizabut that has larger, red flowers and red sepals which remain attached to the propagule, which is a straight cylinder in shape rather than being slightly curved. Bruguiera Flora of the Maldives. World Register of Marine Species.


The crushed bark has an unusual odour which is repulsive to fish and this wood is not therefore used for fish traps. Views Read Edit View history. Probably the most common mangrove tree in Singapore. Locally, in various sites. Sungei Buloh Besar, Apr Email us at dbsthh nus. Read more about the Malpighiales order. The Digital Nature Archive of Singapore is built up by the help of various people: Calyx cup-shaped pale greenish or white with 8 stout, long lobes.

Used as firewood and timber. The bark is smooth and grey, with corky raised patches containing lenticels which are used in gas exchange and the trunk is buttressed by roots. Description This is a tree of about 20 m high with short buttresses and kneed pneumatophores.

The timber of Bruguiera cylindrica is dense, reddish and strong and is used in construction. Many terrestrial insects visit mangroves including herbivoresparasites and predators.