A brief note about the life of Catalina de Erauso, the “lieutenant nun.”. Lieutenant Nun: Memoir of a Basque Transvestite in the New World is Catalina de Erauso’s memoir about her experiences during the early s in Spain and. Lieutenant Nun is an autobiography that was written by Catalina de Erauso list of the characters in Lieutenant Nun and in-depth analyses of and Catalina.

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Retrieved 9 May This article has multiple issues. However, many of the accounts are contradictory in nature and some do not know what to make of Erauso’s predicament.

According to the Peruvian author Ricardo Palmashe was the only Spanish survivor of the battle. Catalina de Erauso chose never to return to visit her parents and other relatives. This article’s lead section does not adequately summarize key points of its contents.

Women in World History: Did Catalina de Erauso “write” this story of her life?

Catalina de Erauso

While crossing the Andes Catalina ran into trouble and became severely ill. I went with him sometimes to the house of a girlfriend he had there.

At the time the Spanish were busy building what would become in time the largest empire in the world, stretching across what is now South America. Catalina gained a reputation for brutality during his time in the military, though the efficiency he combined it with impressed his superiors.

He was a wanted man, and posters bearing his face had been distributed throughout the area. Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of all important aspects of the article. She ended up cutting off the face of the boy who challenged her.


Transgenderism, Lesbian Desire, and Catalina de Erauso. Center for Basque Studies celebrates 50 years of research and outreach Pick up a book for someone special this holiday season High honor for contributors to 40 years of Basque publishing, preserving culture and history. Eraudo People from History spain south america nun Catalina de Erauso soldier.

At age 19, she embarked for Mexico, dreaming of the conquest and conversion of “heathen” Indians to Christianity by means of the sword. Others argue that Erauso was actually a lesbian who used dress as a way to not attract attention from church authorities and to continue to be attracted to women. ds

Catalina de Erauso – Wikidata

Now, more than twenty years later, the discussion is still complicated, with many scholars of gender and sexuality suggesting Erauso was transgender, still others continuing the debate about trying to understand the identity of a seventeenth-century person using twenty-first century concepts. Some sources claim Erauso was born in including her alleged autobiography of For the Mexican film, see The Lieutenant Nun.

Disguised as a man, Catalina de Erauso, the legendary “nun-ensign,” knifed rivals, killed soldiers, and swashbuckled her way towards acceptance and even popularity in the intolerant Spanish society of the s.

Some sources indicate that her cloistered life may have begun by the time she was four years old. Catalina passed through Panama having various adventures, and eventually fetched up in modern day Peru, on the western coast of the Empire.

In Madrid, now probably 33 years old, Erauso gained an audience with King Philip IV, who was so impressed by her adventures that in August she was awarded a lifelong military pension in honor of her services.

Off he went to manage a store in Trujillo on the coast. She died in Cuetlaxtla in The Araucanian Indians were renowned warriors who lived at the southern tip of Latin America. Catalina wrote or dictated an autobiography which was first published in Paris in at the request of Joaquin Maria Ferrer, a second time in Barcelona in and for the third time in Paris, with illustrations by Spanish artist Daniel Vierge.


In the end, Catalina de Erauso died caatlinanear the Mexican city of Veracruz. Imprisoned for feuding with a fellow novice this was to become a habit for hershe stole the convent keys, then emulated the likes of Joan of Arc and Hua Mulan by running away, cutting her hair short, and disguising herself as a man.

Meet Catalina De Erauso, The Cross-Dressing Warrior Nun Of 17th-Century Spain

According to some accounts, she lived another 15 years in the small Mexican village of Cotaxtla, where she died in at the age of Henderson, Linda Roddy, and James D.

You might also like More from author Terrible People from History. Catalina fell in love with the girl she was transporting, and almost challenged the prospective husband to a duel, but she was convinced not to do so Once she arrived she used her pension to set up a business as a mule driver, transporting cargo between Veracruz and Mexico City.

On another occasion Catalina found himself drawn into helping a wife flee her husband, after he had caught her in bed with another man.