The basic laws of human stupidity [Carlo M Cipolla] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Non-stupid people always underestimate the damaging power of Professor Carlo M Cipolla taught at several universities in Italy, and for. In , the University of California, Berkeley, published an essay that Carlo M. Cipolla, a professor of economic history wrote, which outlines.

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Subsequently he studied at the Sorbonne and the London School of Economics. The Second Basic Law is an iron law, and it does not admit exceptions. One may hope to outmanoeuvre the stupid and, up to a point, one may actually do so. From all that proceeds, it does not follow, that we can chart on the basic graph only stupid individuals. The X axis measures the benefits derived from their actions. Retrieved 28 July The Fundamental Laws of Human Stupidity.

The society as a whole is neither better nor worse off. Show 25 25 50 All. There are four types of people depending on their behavior in a transaction: The amount of damages should be measured dtupidity the perspective of the victim and not the bandit, and that is that most of the thieves and criminals are pretty stupid.

Views Read Stupidityy View history. The frequency distribution of the stupid people is totally different from that of the bandit. Most people do not act consistently. But upon thoughtful reflection you must admit that these are not the events which punctuate most frequently our daily life.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Threads collapsed expanded unthreaded. If Tom takes an action and suffers a loss while producing a gain to Dick, Tom’s mark will fall in field H: But the stupid people know not they are stupid, and this is one more reason that makes them extremely dangerous. The fact that the activity and movements of a stupid creature are absolutely erratic and irrational not only makes defense problematic but it also makes any counter-attack extremely difficult – like trying to shoot at an object which is capable of the most improbable and unimaginable movements.


Topics Research Improbable research. After the action of a perfect bandit, the bandit has a plus on his account which plus tsupidity exactly equivalent to the minus he has caused to another person.

They are akin to laws of nature — a seemingly basic characteristic of the universe. The stupid person is the most dangerous type of person that exists.


Although convinced that fraction of human beings are stupid and that they are so because of genetic traits, I am not a reactionary trying to reintroduce surreptitiously class or race discrimination.

Theoretically intelligent people provide the greatest contribution to society in general. We all recollect occasions in which a fellow took an action which resulted in his gain and our loss: Essentially stupid people are dangerous and damaging because reasonable people find stupidiry difficult to imagine and understand unreasonable behaviour. All this suggests some reflection on the performance of societies.

The Basic Laws of Human Stupidity

This fact is scientifically expressed by the Second Basic Law which states that. Helpless people contribute to society but are taken advantage of by it and especially by the “bandit” sector of it ; note, however, that extreme altruists and pacifists may willingly and consciously rather than helplessly accept a place in this category for moral or ethical reasons.

This article needs additional citations for verification. However the “perfect” bandits are relatively few.

It is my firm conviction, supported by years of observation and experimentation, that men are not equal, that some are stupid and others are not, and that the difference is determined by nature and not by cultural forces or factors.

He also wrote books and studies about clocks, guns, monetary policy, depressions, faith, reason, and of course — he being an economist — money. Retrieved from ” https: Declining nations have, instead, an “alarming proliferation” of non-stupid people whose behaviour “inevitably strengthens the destructive power” of their persistently stupid fellow citizens.


Under certain circumstances a given person acts intelligently and under different circumstances the same person will act helplessly.

The basico laws of human stupidity : Carlo Cipolla :

He was born in Paviawhere he got his academic degree in If all members of the society would take action in regular turns, not only the society as a whole but also individuals would find themselves stupldity a perfectly steady state of no change.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Thus one finds the same percentage of stupid people whether one is considering very large groups or one is dealing with very small ones.

His essay about stupidity encompasses all those other topics, and perhaps all of human experience. There are however people who by their improbable actions not only cause damages to other people but in addition hurt themselves.


And the country goes to Hell. No matter how high are one’s estimates of human stupidity, one is repeatedly and recurrently startled by the fact that:. Cipolla died cipoklajust a year after two psychologists at Cornell University in the US wrote a study called Unskilled and Unaware of It: All this is bad, but it is rational and if you are rational you can predict it.

Intelligent people contribute to society and who leverage their contributions into reciprocal benefits. One may distinguish the composite population which constitutes a university in five major groups, namely the blue-collar workers, the white-collar cipollla, the students, the administrators and the professors.

Third Law A stupid person is one who causes harm to another person or group of persons while deriving no gain himself and even possibly incurring a loss. Whether the Second Basic Law is liked or not, however, its implications stupiditty frightening: I passed several tests of QI with good results.