Clerodendrum species are trees, erect or rambling shrubs, rarely herbs. Branches terete, quadrangular, glabrous or pubescent. Leaves simple. Flowers and foliage, Clerodendrum indicum (Turk’s turban); flowers and foliage. Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Clerodendrum is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. Its common names (as C. serratum (L.) Moon); Volkameria aculeata L. (as C. aculeatum (L. ) Schltdl.) Volkameria glabra () Mabb. & (as C. glabrum ) .

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Fernandes and Bernard Verdcourt.

The African and Asian groups can not confidently be divided into sections without more extensive sampling of taxa in phylogenetic studies. Clerodendrum tonkinense Dop Dop Clerodendrum trichotomum Thunb. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikispecies has information related to Clerodendrum. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 80 4: It is found throughout the state common in open areas, near paddy field, insicum areas.

Accessed 15 Jan Moon Volkameria aculeata L. History of Introduction and Spread Top of page C.

Comprising its size, shape, texture and orientation. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: Clerodendrum is a genus of small trees indickm, shrubslianasand subherbaceous perennials. Leaves in whorls ofby 0. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status.

Bark ashy-grey and smooth. In the Philippines and Singapore, it is reported only as a cultivated species Chong et al.

Clerodendrum indicum – Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

In Pakistan, the root is used in chest troubles, and the juice of the leaves mixed with butter fat is applied to cure herpetic eruptions, and in India, Pakistan, and Myanmar, a resin obtained from the plant is used for treating syphilitic rheumatism Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara, ; Khare, ; Flora of Pakistan, Clerodendrum indicum Turk’s turban ; foliage and developing fruits.


Modern cladistic analysis has largely vindicated his concepts of Clerodendrum and its relatives. Document specific search options Title. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, It has been intentionally introduced across temperate and tropical regions as an ornamental, is known to have escaped from cultivation Standley,and is now established in the Neotropics.

A Guide to Identification and Cultivation. Stamens 4 rarely 5usually in 2 pairs of unequal length and projecting well beyond the mouth of the corolla. Altitude requirements for members of the Clerodendrum genus tend to be lower rather than higher ranges Rueda, Nomenclature and Classification Nomenclature and Classification.

Editor Publisher Thompson and Morgan.

India Biodiversity Portal

Pathway Causes Top of page Cause Notes Long Distance Local References Botanical gardens and zoos Species cultivated in gardens Yes Digestion ckerodendrum excretion Berries eaten by birds and animals, seeds dispersed after passing through the gut Yes Yes Escape from confinement or garden escape Yes Garden waste disposal Yes Hitchhiker Seeds and root fragments possibly transported by soil stuck to hooves, shoes, on wheels, etc.

Does not include altitudinal distribution, which is covered under Habitat. Message The user has shared this species from India Biodiversity Portal with you. His circumscription was followed by most authors for the next years, even though it was widely believed to be problematic.

Clerodendrum indicum

Clerodendrum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Endoclita malabaricus and Endoclita sericeus. Its main goal is summarize the most relevant or attractive characteristics of this taxon to the general public.


Soil Tolerances Top of page Soil drainage free. Search in all groups Search within this group. In China the species has been found between and m Flora of China Editorial Committee,while in Nepal it has been recorded to occur at m Flora of Nepal Editorial Committee, and in Java at m Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara, United States Department of Agriculture.

Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden, The following description is based on the one by Yuan et alii and applies to only the monophyletic circumscription of Clerodendrum. Clerodendrum is strongly supported as monophyletic in molecular phylogenetic analyses. Corolla tube 5-lobed, the lobes usually unequal.

Flowering stem Photograph by: Title Foliage and developing fruits.

Clerodendrum indicum — Vikaspedia

Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas, 3 2: Style terminal on the ovary, bifid. It is currently classified in the subfamily Ajugoideaebeing one of several genera transferred from Verbenaceae to Lamiaceae in the s, based on clerkdendrum analysis of morphological and molecular data. Kitts, Trinidad, and Guiana by Grisebach, Title Fruits Caption Clerodendrum indicum Turk’s turban ; fruits.

This mating system combines dichogamy and herkogamy. Flora clsrodendrum Fergusson College campus, Pune, India: Curated for upload by Pranjal Mahananda. Sytle filiform, purple; stigma shortly bifid. Observation specific search options Observed during.