Hillocks of coir pith accumulate in the vicinity of coconut coir-fiber extraction units, of which disposal and management remain a major problem. lates as a waste material near coir processing factories causing environmental and disposal problems. The feasibility of co-composting coir pith with solid poul. “PITHPLUS” An edible mushroom spawn speeds up composting process of coir pith and leads to 42% reduction in volume of coir pith. This mushroom belongs.
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Application of coir pith compost. Application of coir pith compost 6. It improves the water holding capacity more than 5 times cokposting dry weight contributing towards increased soil moisture. For example if one ton coir pith is divided into 10 portion, in the first layer, kg poultry litter is added. There is no need for pit or cement tub to make the compost.
Limitation in using composted coir pith. Because of this, standing crop will get affected. A separate area should be earmarked for composting.
If fresh poultry litter is applied, it is recommended kg for one ton of coir pith. Presence of roof over the composting material is advantageous, since it protects the material from rain and severe sunshine. The shady area conserve the moisture in the composting material.
Otherwise, it has to be removed at the end of composting at the compost yard. The chemical observation compowting compost maturity is to be analysed in the laboratory.
In between coconut trees, shade under any tree is good for composting. It is advisable to make a heap up to minimum of 4 feet height.
Benefits of composted coir pith 5. Composted coir dust contains all plant nutrient elements and it can provide a supplemental effect along with inorganic fertilizers.
If the height is low, what ever the heat generated will be dissipated easily.
Composting of coir pith reduces its bulkiness and converts plant nutrients to the available form. It oith advisable to bring fibre free coir pith for composting. Coir pith compost application increased the soil native microflora because of addition of humic materials.
Initially coir pith should be put up for 3 inch height and thoroughly moistened.
But beyond 5 feet, it requires machinery to handle the materials. These fibrous materials will not get composted and it will hinder with composting process. First observation is volume reduction of waste material.
This turning of material indirectly comoosting the substrate. Coir pith should be spread to the length of 4 feet and breadth of 3 feet. This 5 kg equally divided into five portions and in alternative layer of coir pith one kg of urea should be applied.
Coir Pith Compost
If urea is applied, it is recommended that 5 kg urea is required for one ton of coir pith. The addition of composted coir dust improves soil texture, structure and tilth, sandy soil become more compact and clayey soil become more arable.
The compost heap should be turned once in 10 days to allow the stale air trapped inside the compost material to compowting out and fresh air will get in. If earthen doir is available the floor can be made to hard by hard pressing and also by applying cow dung slurry.
The composted material which is obtained from sieving is ready for use. Composing pith heap Coir pith is collected from the coir industry without any fiber. There is improvement in cation exchange capacity of soils, where composted coir pith is applied. The bulk density of both the sub surface cm sioil is reduced to considerable extent with the application composted coir pith. Because of wider carbon and nitrogen ratio and lower biodegradability due to high lignin content, coir pith is still not considered pifh a good carbon source for use in com;osting.
Nutritive value of raw and composted coir pith compost. The floor of the compostinb making area should be levelled. Coir pith composting technology. If immature compost is applied to the soil, even after entering into the soil, it will undergo decomposition inside the soil, by taking nutrients from the soil. The increase in height retains the temperature generated in the coir pith compost process.
The second observation is waste materials are pitb to black in colour and the waste particle size is reduced. The other way of giving aeration is inserting perforated unused PVC or iron pipe in the composting material both vertically and horizontally. Limitation in using composted coir pith 1. Is is advised that composted coir pith should be applied basally before take up the sowing. Over this compostimg portion of coir pith is added and the same input mentioned above should be added.
It is recommended that 5 tons of composted coir ppith per hectare of land irrespective of the raised. Coir pith composting technology 3. It is better to prepare compost in the own farm. This extraction process generates a large quantity of dusty material called coir dust or coir pith.
If no water is coming out of the material, that moisture status is ideal for composting. If fibrous materials are present, it is removed by sieving at the source it self.
Central Coir Research Institute
If the composition is not used immediately, it should be compostng in a open, cool place, to retain the moisture, so that the beneficial micro organism present in the compost will not die.
The period of composting vary from substrate to substrate.
Coir pith is composted to reduce the wider C: Coir pith is an aerobic composting.