Croton macrostachyus. Euphorbiaceae. Hochst. ex Ferret et Galinier. C. macrostachys: A representative tree at. Kakuzi Ranch, Kenya. (Paul K.A. Konuche). Croton macrostachyus Hochst. ex Delile is a species of the genus Croton L., Euphorbiaceae family, commonly known as the spurge family. In Kenya, leaves and roots from Croton macrostachyus are used as a traditional medicine for infectious diseases such as typhoid and measles.

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This included observations of mortality, hair erection, tremors, lacrimation, convulsions, salivation, diarrhea, and abnormal features in organs and blood.

Croton macrostachyus Hochst. ex Delile

Ethiopian traditional herbal drugs. Croton macrostachyus is widely used in rituals. The compounds demonstrated some activity with the minimum fungicidal concentration MFC values ranging from 7.

Antimicrobial activity of Visnea mocanera leaf extracts. The maximum macrotachyus rate is about 1. In India it has been grown successfully with Azadirachta indica A.

Spices, condiments and medicinal plants in Ethiopia, their taxonomy and agricultural significance. If planted in a nursery, transplanting should be done at the 2-leaf stage. Plasmodium berghei strain ANKA, a chloroquine-sensitive strain of malaria parasite, was used in the in vivo study. The methanol extract was not active against L.


Publisher Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew. Fruit an almost globular capsule 8—12 mm in diameter, slightly 3-lobed, stellate hairy, apex centrally depressed, whitish to pale greyish brown, 3-seeded.

These studies show that C. Useful trees and shrubs for Ethiopia: In addition to indirect activity against P.

Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Carbon number Sample ppm Lupeol ppm 28 Screening of some Kenyan medicinal plants for antibacterial activity. Antibacterial and cytotoxic activity of Brazilian plant extracts— Clusiaceae. The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. The leaves of C.

Euphorbiaceae stem bark extracts from Kenyan folkloric medicine. Journal List J Pathog v. One-way analysis of variance ANOVA followed by Tukey’s honest significant difference post hoc test was used to determine statistical significance in the comparisons of parasitemia suppression. Biochim Biophys Acta The result of the study revealed that observed IC 50 values of crotepoxide 3 to be The effect of isobutanol extract may thus be due to nonspecific activity.


Antimicrobial activity of Visnea mocanera leaf extracts. The main components of C. Leaf decoction of C. Minimal inhibitory concentration was the lowest concentration showing clear zone of inhibition.

The plant Croton macrostachyus has been traditionally used to treat diseases in Kenya [ 5 ]. This study was carried out by Jackie K.

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Trotter, and roots of Cyphostemma cyphopetalum Fresen. The seed oil is a very powerful purgative. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. The most potential antimalarial chemotherapeutic and chemoprotective agent of the studied extracts was the ethyl acetate extract.

View at Google Scholar W. Nuclear magnetic resonance CDCl 3: View at Google Scholar H. Distribution of Croton macrostachyus in tropical Africa. Introduction Croton macrostachyus Hochst. In dry regions of West Africa flowering starts at the beginning of the rainy season.