Terra sigillata: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der griechischen und römischen by Hans Dragendorff. Publication date Publisher A. Marcus. Dragendorff: H. Dragendorff, Terra Sigillata, Bon- ner Jahrbiicher 96 () Hermet: F. Hermet, La Graufesenque (). Ludowici: W. Ludowici. Hans Dragendorff, “Terra sigillata. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der griechischen und römischen Keramik”, Bonner Jahrbücher 96 (),
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Some East Gaulish producers made bowls and cups decorated only with rouletted or stamped decoration, and in the 3rd and 4th centuries, Argonne ware, decorated with all-over patterns of small dragendorrf, was made in the area east of Rheims and sigilltaa widely traded. Many of the Gaulish manufacturing sites have been extensively excavated and studied. This page was last edited on 20 Octoberat The Trier potteries evidently began to make samian vessels around the beginning of the 2nd century AD, and were still active until the middle of the 3rd century.
The styles and the potters have been divided by scholars into two main phases, Werkstatten I and II. There is a great variety of monogram crosses and plain crosses amongst the stamps. It was formerly thought that the difference between ‘red’ and ‘black’ samian was due to the presence black or absence red of reducing gases from the kiln and that the construction of the kiln was so arranged as to prevent the reducing gases from the fuel from coming into contact with the pottery.
However, it would be unwise to exclude all possible historical associations with the island of Samosdragendodff of course the pottery known as samian ware to present-day archaeologists has nothing to do with that region. Individual figure-types, like the vessel-shapes, have been classified, and in many cases they may be linked with specific potters or workshops. Higher firing temperatures tend to remove the burnished effect because the clay particles start to recrystalize.
The polished surface can only be retained if fired within the low-fire range and will lose its shine if fired higher, but can still display an appealing silky quality. The surface of ancient terra sigillata vessels did not require this burnishing or polishing. Mortariafood-preparation bowls with a gritted interior surface, were also made in Central Gaulish samian fabric in the second half of the 2nd century Dr. AD 41—54; Nero, reg. The footring is low, and potters’ stamps are usually bowl-maker’s marks placed in the interior base, so that vessels made from the same, or parallel, moulds may bear different names.
The oldest sigillats for the term terra sigillata was for a medicinal clay from the island of Lemnos. Usually roughly translated as ‘sealed earth’, the meaning of ‘terra sigillata’ is ‘clay bearing little images’ Latin sigillanot ‘clay with a sealed impervious surface’. Ateius, stamped their products, and the names of the factory-owners and of the workers within the factories, which often appear on completed bowls and on plain wares, have been extensively studied, as sigkllata the forms of the vessels, and the details of their dating and distribution.
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The most recognisable decorated Arretine form is Dragendorff 11, a large, deep goblet on a high pedestal base, closely resembling some silver table vessels of the same period, such as the Warren Cup. The rim of the 29, small and upright dragendorrf early examples of the form, but much deeper and more everted by the 70s of the 1st century, is finished with rouletted decoration,  and the relief-decorated surfaces necessarily fall into two narrow zones.
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The colour of haematite depends on the crystal size. Scholars writing in English now often use “red gloss wares” or “red slip wares”, both to avoid these issues of definition,  and also because many other wares of the Roman period share aspects of technique with the traditional sigillata fabrics.
Two standard ‘plain’ types made in considerable numbers in Central Gaul also included barbotine dragsndorff, Dr. In English ethnographer and translator Thomas Harriot wrote in A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia that Algonquians of the mid—Atlantic region treated various sores and wounds with wapeiha kind of terra sigillata that English surgeons and physicians found to be of the same kind “of vertue and more effectuall” than the contemporary European sort.
Terra sigillata: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der griechischen und römischen …
Knorr ; Knorr ; Hermet Terra sigillata as an archaeological term refers chiefly to a specific type of plain and decorated tableware made in Italy and in Gaul France and the Rhineland during the Roman Empire.
Modern “Terra sig” should be clearly distinguished from the close reproductions of Roman wares made by some potters deliberately recreating and using the Roman methods. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. One of the finds in the ruins of Pompeiidestroyed by dragenddorff eruption of Vesuvius in August AD 79, was a consignment of South Gaulish sigillata, still in its packing crate;  like all finds from the Vesuvian sites, this hoard of pottery is invaluable as dating evidence.
Closely related pottery terrz made in the North African and Eastern provinces of the Roman Empire are not usually referred to as terra sigillata, but by more specific names, e.
The fraction of aluminium has a similar effect. Monographiae, Ed.
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Terra sigillata is usually brushed dfagendorff sprayed in thin layers onto dry or almost dry unfired ware. The best slips, vivid red and of an almost mirror-like brilliance, were achieved during the Claudian and early Neronian periods Claudius, reg.
Looking for beautiful books? By the 1st century BC, their forms often paralleled Arretine plain-ware shapes quite closely.
Potsherd: Atlas of Roman Pottery
Modern terra sigillata is made by allowing the clay particles to separate into layers by particle size. Berthold invited authorities to test it themselves. Italian and Gaulish TS vessels were made in standardised shapes constituting services of matching dishes, bowls and serving vessels.
South Gaulish samian typically has a redder slip and deeper pink fabric than Italian sigillata. The matrix itself does not contain any metallic ions, the haematite is substituted in aluminium and titanium while the corundum is substituted in iron. The remaining larger clay-particle layers are discarded.