He originated the concept of Lebensraum, or “living space,” which relates human groups to the spatial units where they develop. Though Ratzel pointed out the. in the work of Friedrich Ratzel and his formulation of the concept of Lebensraum. The paper argues that the Ratzelian Lebensraum must be viewed as a concept. The concept of Lebensraum—or “living space”—served as a critical component in Renowned German geographer Friedrich Ratzel coined the term in

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Thereafter he devoted himself to geographical studies and taught geography at the polytechnical school in Munich —86 and at the Univ. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions.

Philosophy, rather than biologycame to dominate his later thought. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.

Partly by rtzel fortune Ratzel had the opportunity of traveling with a French naturalist, and he wrote up his experiences for a Cologne newspaper.

BBC – History – World Wars: Hitler and ‘Lebensraum’ in the East

It is our duty to place it where we want it to be. Politics and social sciences Anthropologists Credited.

As six hundred years ago, the German peasant’s destiny must be to preserve and increase the German people’s patrimony in their holy mother earth battle against the Slav race.

At long last, we break off the colonial and commercial policy of the pre—War period and shift to the soil policy of the future. Hitler’s views on Russia had been further hardened by his contacts with Baltic German exiles in Munich.

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Moreover, he had great intellectual influence upon the politics of Imperial Germany, especially with Staten som livsform ; The State as a Life-form an earlier political-science book read by the society of Imperial Germany, for whom the concept of geopolitik acquired an ideological definition unlike the original, human-geography definition. Byit was becoming apparent that the Bolshevik regime in Russia was there to stay.

Hitler and ‘Lebensraum’ in the East

He subsequently became familiar with theories relating to the migration of species. NicholasCruel World: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Oxford University Press,raztel.

About the author Jeremy Noakes is professor of history at the University of Exeter. Friedrich Ratzel August 30, — August 9, was a German geographer and ethnographernotable for coining the term Lebensraum —”living space. German History in Documents and Images.

BerkhoffHarvest of Despair: Ratzel’s writings were widely welcomed, especially as a justification for German imperial expansion. So where did he get this idea from? What happens to a Russian, to a Czech, does not interest me in the slightest.

His essays on the sites and development of cities and on the hinterlands of seaports in which he defined the areal extent and overlap of the limits in regard to nature, politics, delivery, supply or production, and traffic were the precursors of studies that appeared after Friedrich Ratzelborn Aug. This page was last edited on 17 Decemberat Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.


A geographer initially trained as a biologist, he simply tried to apply ecological and evolutionary concepts in his studies of political and economic development Overbeck Popular journalists wrote articles with titles such as ‘To the East! Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Macht, wenn sie gewonnen ist, gebraucht werden? Since there is no natural protection against such a flood, we must meet it with a living wall.

You and Your People explaining the importance of Lebensraum for the future of Germany and the German people. April Learn how and when to remove this template message. Thank you for your feedback. Inhe accepted an appointment at Leipzig University.

The Shaping of the Nazi State. Hitler and the Quest for World Dominion. It should be possible for us to control this region to the east with two hundred and fifty thousand men, plus a cadre of good administrators Evans, The Third Reich at War, p.

Cultural Identities and Cultural DifferencesRodopi After further losses of manpower, the Nazis tried to persuade the forced foreign laborers in the Reich raztel fight against Bolshevism, Martin Bormann issued a memorandum on 5 May Ratzel, whose early studies were in biology and anthropology, was much influenced by Darwinian thinking when linking human societies to their physical environments.

His other works included Die Erde und das Leben: