Notes to Hasdai Crescas Rabbi Josef Ibn Shem Tov, the Hebrew translator, says that Crescas wrote another polemical book in Catalan based on quotations . Ḥasdai ben Abraham Crescas, (born , Barcelona?—died , Saragossa, Spain), Spanish philosopher, Talmudic scholar, and critic of the Aristotelian. Hasdai Crescas was a Spanish Jewish philosopher who lived from In The Jewish Religion, Rabbi Louis Jacobs described Crescas as “one of the.

Author: Meztishura Masho
Country: Mauritania
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Literature
Published (Last): 5 June 2005
Pages: 474
PDF File Size: 4.47 Mb
ePub File Size: 20.26 Mb
ISBN: 763-6-16917-508-3
Downloads: 26594
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Mulabar

Harvey critiques this position of Ravitzky and said that it is no probable that Crescas, as a Jewish hasdak, know the difficult Latin works of Dun Scott before the Hebrew book of the very knows apostate Abner. Albo does not accept all of his master opinions on this subject either. This is the foundation of all religious belief.

Another important Jewish philosopher of the medieval period was Moses Maimonides In the early stage of his writing [ 16 ] Crescas accepted the opinion of Maimonides that the attributes of God do not have any haasdai to the attributes of humans, and indeed Crescas defended this position against the arguments of Gersonides.

For a list of the people in his circle see Ofirpp. But this deterministic description leads to two theological problems: Crescas devotes the sixth part of the second essay to the question of free will. Even if I have an infinite dimension, all the real points in this dimension are a finite distance from one another. The opinion that human hascai and divine attributes are common in essence but divergent in quantity.

Here he sides with Maimonides against Gersonides. In the introduction of the second part of creacas Guide of the PerplexedMaimonides summarizes twenty-five premises of Aristotelian science and one more that Maimonides attributes to the philosopher: Aristotelianismthe philosophy of Aristotle and of those later philosophical movements based on his thought. Through his critique of the Aristotelian view, Crescas builds a defense of what he considers to be the traditional view of the commandments as the way to achieve the highest religious and spiritual goals.

Crescas opposes this definition. Crescas’s opinions regarding natural science are influenced by the new Christian physics of the 14 th century, and especially by thinkers like Ockham, Buridan, and Oresme Pines Nevertheless, he kept his faith. But his concise philosophical work Or AdonaiThe Light of the Lord became a classical Jewish refutation of medieval Aristotelianismand a harbinger of the scientific revolution in the 16th century.


Man’s highest perfection is attained principally through love, the longing for the fountainhead of all good.

March Learn how and when to remove this template message. If everything goes well, this page should display the bibliography of the aforementioned article as it appears in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, but with links added to PhilPapers records and Google Scholar for your convenience.

From God, by way of the divine will, ctescas the World-Soul, which is inferior to God and is composed of matter and form.

Hasdai Crescas > Notes (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

We know that by the year Crescas was a proficient young scholar, a Talmudist, and a judge in Barcelona. In spite of this, Averroes as Crescas understand his view claims that no individual immortal existence is possible after death all the knowledge of all people returns to its source in the active intellect. Joseph Albo is the best known of his pupils, but at least two others have won recognition, Rabbi Mattathias of Saragossa, and Rabbi Zechariah ha-Levi.

But contrary to what we might have expected from this situation, Crescas did not create an important Jewish current of thought as did Maimonides and the Kabbala. With this position Crescas pulls together the Aristotelian anti-Maimonidean opinion of Gersonides, Duns Scotus’s Franciscan critique of Aquinas’s understanding of Aristotle, and the Neo-Platonic opinion of Abner in his formulation of a new anti-Aristotelian critique of Maimonides Sadik On this subject see HarveyOfir Ravitzky asks a question about the breakdown of determinism haadai these chapters, as does Hasdsi forthcomingand even Harveypp.

If the soul loves God in this world, it becomes joyous and can now love him more because the temptations of the body don’t distract it. His life Crescas was born in Barcelona to a revered family of merchants and rabbis around As a part of his role, he tried to build a new generation of Jewish leaders. His critiques of Aristotelian science and of the Maimonidean integration of Aristotelianism into Judaism have an honored place in the history of the disintegration of the influence of Aristotle — a disintegration that laid the groundwork for the development of a new science.

In some cases, as with the attributes of God, there are some contradictions between the different layers of the book’s development. He was, at that time, described as “Rav of Saragossa. Or Hashempp — Gabirol added a peculiar doctrine concerning the divine will by which all lesser beings are created, substituting Will for Logos. For the majority of Jewish philosophers, Crescas is too traditional, crscas for the cresas of traditionalists he is too philosophical. He probably wrote fewer philosophical works and certainly fewer Talmudic and legal workswhile most likely writing more polemical books against Christianity than he had planned to before the pogrom.


It is possible that a pure body without any other quality has actual existence. The fourth division enumerates thirteen opinions as open to speculative decision, among them the questions concerning the dissolution of the world.

At this point we can solve the first problem: Fisher, Jerusalem in Hebrew. Hermann Ruben Editions In haseai discussion, Crescas speaks of the different goals that the Torah fulfills.

Ḥasdai ben Abraham Crescas

Through him, Crescas may have become aware of the humanist movement in Italy, and indeed Warren Harvey has speculated that there was a considerable amount of mutual influence between the two intellectuals. Secondary Sources Ackerman, A. Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed. Crescas also addresses the question of the obligation of various beliefs.

He denounces the different Aristotelian opinions as contradicting not only the Jewish tradition, but also the true empirical and rational understanding of the world.

In fact, probably in part because of his communal role afterhe only had time to write the first book of the series, along with the general introduction to both volumes.

All of Aristotle’s arguments are based on the distance between different points, and this response cancels these arguments. The main stream of the medieval Arab Aristotelian opinion on this topic apart from Ibn Sina is that only human knowledge can survive the death of the body. The difference between the two books is clearer with regard to the question of the essence of miracles.

Continuing into the middle chapters of Part Six, Crescas similarly explains the notion of possibility and accident.

We do not currently have a critical edition; the most modern edition is that of Rabbi Fisher. It is worth examining how Crescas develops his position in more detail.