La Hidrocefalia normotensiva o Hidrocefalia crónica del adultu ye una entidá pocu conocida causada por un aumentu de líquidu cefalorraquídeo, nos. Hidrocefalia de pressão normal (HPN), hidrocefalia normotensiva, hidrocefalia oculta ou síndrome de Hakim-Adams é uma doença neurológica causada pela. Transcript of Hidrocefalia Normotensiva. Logo DESARROLLO Generalidades Definición Condición Neurológica Caracteriza por una.

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Twelve patients met these criteria. If discrepancies were found between the evaluations of the neurosurgeon and the neuropsychologist, the patient was reevaluated and the final score was agreed on by consensus.

Also administered were the TMT, Parts A and B, 28 to evaluate motor speed, visual scanning, attention, and mental flexibility; a word fluency task consisting of naming as many bormotensiva as possible during 1 minute; and the MMSE, 8 which provides a global measure of the severity of cognitive impairment.

The main objective of this paper was to challenge the widespread belief that patients with the classic symptoms or signs of bad outcome cannot improve after shunt procedures, especially when more than one of these signs norrmotensiva present.

We selected a subgroup of patients who demonstrated four of the most commonly accepted predictors of poor outcome following shunt surgery.

In hidrocefalai group of patients, cognition improved little in comparison to gait and sphincter changes. Briefly, one dose each of sulfamethoxazole mg and trimethoprim mg were used as prophylactic antibiotic agents during induction of anesthesia, followed by a further three doses every 12 hours.

Good outcome in patients with normal-pressure hydrocephalus and factors indicating poor prognosis

In addition, in some of the tests that indicated a tendency toward improvement, such as normotensiba associate memory subtest of the WMS, we cannot avoid or rule out a possible retest effect, given that the same stimuli were used in the two presentations.

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Discussion We selected a subgroup of patients who demonstrated four of the most commonly accepted predictors of poor outcome following shunt surgery.


Statistical significance was noted at a probability level less than or equal to 0. Algorithm demonstrating patient selection in this study. Therapeutic Evaluation Outcome was independently assessed by the neurosurgeon and neuropsychologist 6 months after the shunt procedure by using the NPH scale.

Per idrocefalo normoteso s’intende un tipo di idrocefalo comunicante, in cui l’aumento della pressione intracranicadovuto all’accumularsi del liquido cefalorachidianodiventa stabile, e la formazione di liquor si equilibra con l’assorbimento; la pressione intracranica gradualmente diminuisce ma mantiene ancora una livello lievemente elevato.

Age, symptom duration, degree of preoperative dementia, and ventricular dilation were not definitively related to neuropsychological or functional changes after surgery when these factors were evaluated by an hidrocefalla neuropsychologist; however, clinical or radiological factors classically associated with a poor prognosis are increasingly found in patients with suspected NPH or in those who have a mixed-type dementia NPH associated with other neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer disease or vascular dementia.

A causa di questo equilibrio il paziente non mostra i sintomi classici dell’ipertensione endocranica quali cefaleanausea, vomito o incoscienza. Comunque il soggetto mostra la triade classica: In five patients, this valve was combined with an infraclavicular gravity-compensating accessory NMT Neurosciences Implants S.

Authors of recent reports in the literature stress the fact that NPH can be highly heterogeneous. Of the remaining hidrocefaalia patients with NPH who had received shunts, we selected a subgroup with four of the factors traditionally considered to be markers of poor prognosis: At discharge, the patients were advised to try to maintain this bed position at home until the first follow-up examination, which was routinely performed approximately 3 months later.

Hidrocefaalia investigators have tried to elucidate which factors are associated with a favorable outcome in this patient population; however, an effective means of predicting shunt responsiveness bidrocefalia elusive.

Hidrocefalia normotensiva – Wikipedia

All patients underwent complete neurological, neuroimaging, and neuropsychological evaluations prior to surgery and were reassessed at 6 months postoperation. In our experience, continuous ICP monitoring is mandatory when, despite compatible clinical and radiological data, the tap test is negative or the R out is within a normal range.


Sixty-four consecutive patients with suspected NPH, comprehensively described in Poca, et al. The surgical field was then painted with Betadine solution and covered with Betadine-soaked gauze strips for at least 3 minutes.

Views View Edit History. According to the Normoteensiva scale, 11 patients showed clinical improvement defined as an increase of 1 or more points on the NPH scale.

Hidrocefalia Normotensiva by maria sierra on Prezi

Independently of the R out values, patients with active or compensated hydrocephalus were selected for shunt placement. The clinical condition of patients with NPH who present traditionally accepted markers of poor prognosis can improve after surgery especially as regards gait and sphincter controlindicating that hidrocefalka presence of these markers should not be considered as an absolute criterion for ruling out shunt surgery.

Postsurgical Complications There was no treatment-related death.

Neuropsychological Assessment and Daily Life Activities Evaluation The neuropsychological examination included tests of verbal and visual memory, speed of mental processing, and frontal lobe functioning as well as a brief screening test for dementia. Comparison Between Prognosis Groups We compared the poor prognosis group with the rest of the sample, which comprised 44 patients with NPH who had undergone shunt placement. Results Clinical Symptoms of NPH Before treatment, 10 patients had the complete clinical triad, one patient had cognitive dysfunction only, and another patient had gait and cognitive disturbances but no sphincter incontinence.

Although this procedure restricted us to only 12 patients, the results were highly demonstrative.