The Arabic philosophical fable Hayy Ibn Yaqzan is a classic of medieval Islamic philosophy. Ibn Tufayl (d. ), the Andalusian philosopher, tells of a child. : Hayy Ibn Yaqzan (): Ibn Tufayl, Ibn Tufail, Lenn Evan Goodman: Books. Although Ibn Tufayl’s philosophical tale Hayy ibn Yaqzan is one of the most famous medieval Arabic stories to reach the West, precious little is known about the.

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Middle Eastern Literatures and Their Times. While both men were passionate adherents of the religion, Absal was a reflective and ascetic spiritualist who read the Law allegorically while Salaman was a political ruler concerned with the literal meaning bayy the Law and the outward performance of religious precepts.

Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzan

This arrived on the smaller neighbouring island. Ysqzan, The Republic, Trans. In Golding’s scenario there is no opportunity to explore refinements of reason and the attainment of enlightenment, for his characters are already formed, immaturely incapable of profound thought. The second part of Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzan makes a thoughtful foray into the social dimension of his now finely-honed protagonist, anticipating what the later writers cited above do in laying out social consequences for their respective protagonists.

If the world is eternal, then the cause of its eternal motion must be an incorporeal Mover. And then, after giving us an account of his predecessors which I cover here because I will be referring back to them throughout the posthe proceeds to tell the tale of Hayy Ibn-Yaqzan.

Despite the similarities, the stories lead to opposite conclusions. But here Ibn Tufayl proposes that the cave is not darkness but inner solitude and reflection, and coming out of this womb-like symbol is not to embrace public and social life but for one’s self-knowledge and understanding. The eternity of the universe question that continues to rage through Jewish philosophy as well as later Arabic philosophy and Western Philosophy, Ibn-Tufayl says is irrelevant since you come to the same conclusion either way.

He uses an analogy of bowls of different substances filled with varying amounts of water.


Hayy then sought to cut off sensory experience in order to pursue mystic ecstasy. According to Hayy, if people understood the truth as he had come to know it, they would not quibble over money or own personal property and would take only what was necessary to survive.

Considering collections of animals, he thought of them not only as individual beings but also as species and then of the entire animal kingdom as a unit. He destroys and defaces all things; he loves all that is deformed and monstrous; he will have nothing as nature made it, not even man himself, who must learn his paces like a saddle-horse, and be shaped to his master’s taste like the trees in his garden.

And this capacity he called Reason, and he began hagy ponder what becomes of the Reason after it leaves the body. Share your thoughts with other customers.

Absal devoted himself to the quest for solitude, preferring the words of the Law in its favor because he was naturally a thoughtful man, fond of contemplation and of probing for the deeper meaning of things; and he did find the most propitious time for seeking what he hoped for to be when he was alone.

Hajy other items do customers buy after viewing this item? In general the anti-philosophical thought of al-Ghazzali — dominated Almohad ideology.

Eventually he obtained the union with the Necessary Existent he was seeking, ibb could do it only for a time, but grew stronger and stronger the more he practiced. Here the narrator inserts.

Nothing New Under the Sun

Sometimes he would circle the island, … Sometimes hqyy would march around his house or certain large rocks a set tufyl of times, … Or at times he would spin around in circles until he got dizzy. Both Hayy and Absal refrain from their pursuit of sublimity in order to learn more about each other.

None of this could be different. In the next sequence of the tale, Hayy is ushered before Salaman and his closest advisors. Log In Sign Up. Absal teaches Hayy language in hopes of teaching him about God. He starts preaching against the false beliefs that everyone holds as true, and thus interferes with them achieving their happiness and order. In qua Ostenditur, quomodo ex Inferiorum contemplatione ad Superiorum notitxam Ratio humana ascendere posit Self-taught philosopher: By the age of 42, Hayy is tufaul to have a direct experience of God and devotes the rest of his life in retreat from the physical world.


Hugh Tredennick, and Harold Tarrant. Reason and tradition tufay at one within him. The religious experience that Ibn Tufayl describes is an example whereby the faculty of reason fails us and, therefore, the knowledge provided is intuitive.

Hayy ibn Yaqdhan – Wikipedia

But the joy, delight and bliss of this ecstasy are such that no one who has reached it or even come near it can keep the secret or conceal the mystery. Ibn Tufayl has not been identified as a member of any of the specific Sufi orders of his day. No one really wanted to change. He makes his own shoes and clothes from the skins of the animal, studies the stars, till he reaches a higher level of knowledge of the finest of astrologist. He however, could not find any visible obstruction on her outside, and concluded that it must be an internal obstruction, and if it is indeed an internal obstruction it must be an obstruction in a place that would cause all her faculties to cease if obstructed.

Hayy makes a sincere effort but is rejected by Absal’s friends. All the paths of exegesis lay open before him. Like the Almoravid period, the years of Almohad rule in al-Andalus saw unrelenting conflict with Christian forces from the north. There was a problem filtering reviews right now. And lost into the Active Intellect of God. He concluded they could not by conducting a thought experiment.

Also he keeps his body immaculately clean because the stars are luminous and untaintedmoves in Sufi-like circular motions to imitate orbitsand fixes his mind on the Necessarily Existent Being.

Even on the level of physical resemblance, he sees his body as a microcosm of the cosmos.