Annex: Where Referral I s Not Possible, and WHO guidelines for inpatient care. DANGERSIGNS,COUGH. DIARRHOEA. ASSESS AND CLASSIFY. 3. The IMNCI clinical guidelines target children less than 5 years old — the age group that bears the highest burden of deaths from common childhood diseases. Operational Guidelines for F-IMNCI, PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer ( KB). Participants Manual.
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Most children with a general danger sign need u rgent referral to hospital. North Indian women usually wear the salwaar kameej. The general danger signs are signs of serious illness that are seen in children aged two months up to five years and will need immediate action to save the life of the child.
Every year about 9 million children in developing countries die before they reach their fifth birthday, many of them during gukdelines first year of life. When using the content you must attribute us The Open University the OU and any identified author in accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons Licence.
And why is it necessary for you, as a Health Extension Practitioner, to understand how it works?
Ministry of health and Family Welfare; Data were analyzed using Epi Info statistical software. If a child should be immunized, give immunizations.
Open in a separate window. Provide practical treatment instructions, including teaching the caregiver how to give oral drugs, how to feed and give fluids during illness, and how to treat local infections at home.
Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness (IMNCI) | PSM Made Easy
Then counsel the mother guideelines her own health. This strategy addresses various aspects of nutrition, immunization and other important elements of disease prevention and health promotion in addition to early detection and prompt management of cited childhood illnesses.
Integrated Management of newborn and Childhood Illness Module: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare; Available from: And finally, follow-up is to ensure the child continues to improve. The data collection instrument was a pre-tested proforma, which was designed using the standard IMNCI breastfeeding guidelines. Acknowledgments We thank all the participants. Module 1 – Introduction. Assess and classify the sick child Treat the child Counsel the mother. When you ask the question, use words the mother understands.
Answer The four main steps are assessment, classification, identify treatment and follow-up care. The case management process for sick children aged two months up to five years is presented on three charts:. A child who is breastfed may have difficulty sucking when his nose is blocked.
Feasibility Study of IMNCI Guidelines on Effective Breastfeeding in a Rural Area of North India
However, no significant improvement was observed in supporting the baby with both hands because of the menace of house flies; as a result supporting the baby with both hands was impractical as one hand was needed to drive the flies away. Pre- and post-intervention observations related to position and attachment of the baby while breastfeeding are shown in Table 1.
She lives in a high malaria risk area. You have seen that you have an important role to guidelinrs in this respect. She was not able to drink from a cup. In short this allows you to use the content throughout the world without payment for non-commercial purposes in accordance with the Creative Commons non commercial sharealike licence.
Guidelines – Governnment of India
If the child was seen a few days before for the same illness, this is a follow-up visit. When you ask the mother if the child is able to drink, make sure that she understands the question.
The health worker checked Fatuma for general danger signs. The first part of the proforma dealt with general socio-demographic information about the mother including age, literacy level, caste, occupation, parity, etc. In this study, the IMNCI guidelines of breastfeeding helped mothers in bringing the babies close to them and turned towards them. Is the child able to drink or breastfeed? For recording post-intervention observations, we contacted 25 mothers in our second visit after a gap of 10 days, 5 mothers in our third visit after a gap of 15 days, and 2 mothers could not be contacted.
Moreover, back pain as a result of supporting the baby with both hands prevented some mothers from using this particular technique while breastfeeding. So you can provide the best advice, you need to know what the general danger signs are in sick infants and children.