datasheet, circuit, data sheet: INTEL – PROGRAMMABLE INTERVAL TIMER,alldatasheet, datasheet, Datasheet search site for Electronic. from Intel Corporation. Find the PDF Datasheet, Specifications and Distributor Information. The Intel 82C54 is a high-performance CHMOS version of the industry standard programmable The 82C54 is pin compatible with the HMOS and is a superset of the NOTICE This is a production data sheet The specifi-.
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Introduction to Programmable Interval Timer”. In this mode, the device acts as a divide-by-n counter, which is commonly used to generate a real-time vatasheet interrupt. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In this mode can be used as a Monostable multivibrator.
Bit 7 allows software to monitor the current state of the OUT pin.
OUT will then remain high until the counter reaches 1, and will go low for one clock pulse. The fastest possible interrupt frequency is a little over a half of a megahertz.
However, the duration of the high and low clock pulses of the output will be different from mode 2. Rather, its functionality is included as part of the motherboard chipset’s southbridge. This prevents any serious alternative uses of the timer’s second counter on many x86 systems. There are 6 modes in total; for modes 2 and 3, the D3 bit is ignored, so the missing modes 6 and 7 are aliases for modes 2 and 3. The control word register contains 8 bits, labeled D This mode is similar to mode 2.
The Intel and are Programmable Interval Timers PITswhich perform timing and counting functions using three bit counters. Views Read Edit View history.
OUT will be initially high. When the counter reaches 0, the output will go low for one clock cycle — after that it will become high again, to repeat the cycle on the next rising edge of GATE.
Datasheet pdf – Programmable interval Timer – Advanced Micro Devices
After writing the Control Word and initial count, the Counter is armed. The Intel 82c54 variant handles up to 10 MHz clock signals.
To initialize the counters, the microprocessor must write a control word CW in this register. The Gate signal should remain active high for normal counting. Operation mode of the PIT is changed by setting the above hardware signals.
However, in free-running counter applications such as in the x86 PC, it is necessary to first write a latch command for the desired channel to the control register, so that both bytes read will belong to one and the same value.
Reprogramming typically happens during video mode changes, when the video BIOS may be executed, and during system management mode and power saving state changes, when the system BIOS may be inttel.
There are 6 modes in total; for modes 2 and 3, the D3 bit is ignored, so the missing modes 6 and 7 are aliases for modes 2 and 3.
As stated above, Channel 0 is implemented as a counter. Because of this, the aperiodic functionality is not used in practice. Datashet counter will then generate a low pulse for 1 clock cycle a kntel — after that the output will become high again. However, the counting process is triggered by the GATE input. In that case, the Counter is loaded with the new count and the oneshot pulse continues until the new count expires.
After writing the Control Word and initial count, the Counter is armed.