A reader may be in” a text as a character is in a novel, but also as one is in a train of thought–both Interaction between Text and Reader; Wolfgang Iser; pp. Wolfgang Iser (22 July – 24 January ) was a German literary scholar. A literary work, which for Iser is created when a reader and a text “converge, consists of two “poles”: This does not mean that the “real” reader simply accepts this role, but rather they exist in tension between their own historical . Interaction. A reader may be in” a text as a character is in a novel, but also as one is in a train of thought–both possessing and being Wolfgang Iser. Central to the reading of every literary work is the interaction between its structure and its recipient.

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According to Iser, all of the models cited above are restricted in their general applicability. Future readers of “The Unsex’d Females” will have the option of reading Lindsey’s comment alongside the original poem.

A transmitter can only transmute and bteween receiver can only receive.

For Iser, a literary work is composed of both written and unwritten portions of a text. He was married to Lore Iser. Iser sees this intersubjective model of reading as an advance over objectivist theories which presume that a text itself contains a single hidden meaning or set of meanings that can be discovered by the critic. This is how the interaction continues between a text and a reader through concealment and revelation.

Following Poulet, Iser insists that in reading, it is the reader, not the author, who becomes the subject that does the thinking. Iser evaluates newer models of the reader that have arisen in more recent years, models that have sought to break free of the traditional restrictive models cited above: Together with Hans Robert Jausshe is considered to be the founder of the Constance School of reception aesthetics.


Iser sees both of these concepts as deficient. However, these gaps cannot be filled arbitrarily, but through interpretive limits given in the text by an author. The meaning of the text is not formulated by the text itself but is a projection of the reader. Such a model of interpretation promoted the treatment of a literary work as a document, testifying to characteristics of its era and the disposition of its author.

Wolfgang Iser

Experience is man’s invisibility to man. Hence as readers we have recourse to the classical values of symmetry, harmony, and totality, values that enable tedt to construct a frame of reference against which we can make unfamiliar elements accessible.

His parents were Paul and Else Steinbach Iser. Iser draws attention to two important features of the reading process.

Key Theories of Wolfgang Iser

For Iser, reading is propelled by the reactions and responses of readers. Hereafter cited wolfgzng IR. Reading as a Personal Transaction Norman N. Project MUSE Mission Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide. Toward a Sociology of Reading Jacques Leenhardt pp. Intrection between text and the reader.


The interaction between text and reader is a complex process and it is a governed by certain conditions. The “feedback of effects and information” applies equally to readers and texts and constitutes small units of meaning or “situational frames” of reference which “merge” to form larger units of understanding.

To illustrate this, Iser uses the example of constellations: It hasn’t necessarily fundamentally altered that process, only enhanced the ways of articulating it. Reading, for Iser, reflects the way in which we gain experience: The reader must formulate the cause underlying this questioning of the world, and to do this, she must transcend that world, observing it, as it were, from the outside.

Hence, for Iser, the reading process mimes the process of experience in general: He refers ti the Tavistock school of Psychology which was very popular in s and s. These paperback editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback editions.


In these original essays, a group of international scholars raises fundamental questions about the status–be it rhetorical, semiotic and structuralist, phenomenological, subjective and psychoanalytic, sociological and historical, or hermeneutic–of the audience in relation to a literary or artistic text. Johns Hopkins University Press, Princeton University Press Series: The link between these two scientific instruments is just like one way traffic. Essays on Audience and Interpretation.

We attempt to understand the material of the text within a consistent and coherent framework because it is this which allows us to make sense of whatever is unfamiliar to us in the text IR, He subsequently lectured in many other parts of the world, including Asia and Israel. When a reader reads a text, he performs a receiver and the text is a transmitter. Rather, it offers ways of making public some of the processes that Iser finds worthwhile in the interactions between readers and texts.

He makes it clear that the interaction between text and reader does not resemble exactly the interaction between person and person. On the other hand, by making certain semantic decisions and ruling out others, for the sake of intearction consistent reading, we acknowledge the inexhaustibility of the text, its potential to have other meanings that may not quite fit into our own scheme. A reader indulging in to the process of ideation as per his understanding logic and thinking.

Here he explains the actual process of interaction text and reader. As readers, we cannot absorb even a short text in a single moment, nor does the fictional world of the text pass in linear fashion before our eyes IR, ,