John Philoponus, a Christian philosopher, scientist, and theologian who lived approximately from to CE, is also known as John the. John Philoponus(b. Caesarea [?], late fifth century; d. Alexandria, second half of sixth century)philosophy, of what is known about Philoponus is. PHILOPONUS, JOHN(–) John Philoponus of Alexandria, a sixth-century philosopher and theologian, is best known for his radical attempts to refute.
|Published (Last):||19 June 2006|
|PDF File Size:||4.4 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||11.15 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Although Philoponus was one of the most powerful and independent thinkers of his time, he never succeeded Ammonius as professor of philosophy. He rejected the use of the infinite in the sense of the unlimited in extension;and in his rejection he went even further than Aristotle, not and only denying, as Aristotle did, the existence of the infinite as an actual entity but also excluding the potentially infinite.
Thus, anticipating Descartes, Philoponus arrived at the conclusion that all bodies in heaven, as well as on earth, are substances whose common attribute is extension. However, this explanation is philopinus from satisfactory.
A substantial part of his work has come down to us, but some parts of phlioponus are known only indirectly through quotations or translations into Syriac or Arabic. Ancient Commentators on Aristotle. One of his last works, De opificio mundiwas dedicated to Sergius, who was partriarch of Antioch from to A final chapter examines the appropriateness of stopping the survey of the commentaries on the ninth chapter of a fifteen-chapter work.
On Aristotle Posterior Analytics 1. CEH takes no responsibility for the accuracy of these links, and does not necessarily endorse the views expressed, but offers them as starters for someone to follow up on this interesting lead.
Routledge and Kegan Paul, The incomplete commentary on the Meteorology may well be the last commentary Philoponus wrote on Aristotle. This page was last edited on 9 Decemberat The only complete extant ancient commentary on the Prior Analytics.
The commentaries of the late antiquity and early Middle Ages aimed to teach an audience. The article by Dan Graves includes a list of nine reference works. John Philoponus – – Editions Beatrice-Nauwelaerts. Christianitymajor religion, stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus of Nazareth the Christ, or the Anointed One of God in the 1st century ce.
John Philoponus | philosopher and theologian |
His main historical significance lies in the fact that he anticipated by centuries the early modern emancipation of natural philosophy from Aristotelian dogmatism.
From these not at all un-Aristotelian premises Philoponus deduces that the conception of a temporally infinite universe, understood as a successive causal chain, is impossible.
Following the Stoics, he granted three dimensions to primary matter. Again, there are certain phenomena which clearly exhibit the force of the vacuum, for example handling a pipette clepsudrawhich allows one to raise small quantities of fluids, or the fact that one can suck up water through a pipe In Phys. Bristol Classical Press, He was an ardent critic of Aristotle on key points, long before Aristotelianism was rejected.
Most of what is known about Philoponus is found in a few remarks made by him and by some of his contemporaries. Many Christians from birth both before and after Philoponus were similarly exposed to pagan philosophy without reacting in a comparable way.
And even if it is true, Philoponus retorts, that creation out of nothing never occurs in nature, God is surely more powerful a creator than nature and therefore quite possibly capable of creatio ex nihilo IX 9. On Aristotle On the Soul 2. Florence-Venice — 98 A refutation of Aristotle’s doctrines of the fifth element and the eternity of motion and time consisting of at least eight books.
Conspicuous examples are his discussion of the functional dependence of one set of variable quantities on another and his clear recognition of the course of a function —in modern language its first derivative. Philoponus proposes to interpret light as an incorporeal activity rather than a state, capable of warming bodies and comparable to the soul in animals. This creation scientist has a story that needs to be heard. In the late s, early s, around the time of Justinian’s eviction of the pagan philosophers in Athens c.
Original text from a treatise on the astrolabe also often credited to the Muslims. A number of distinctive passages of philosophical importance occur in this part of Book 1, in which we see Philoponus at work on issues in physics and cosmology, as well as logic and metaphysics. Petersbourg philopoonus —