The Jominy end quench test. Introduction: The Jominy end quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the. The Jominy end quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a given set. PDF | The Jominy end-quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel , which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a.

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The Jominy End Quench Test, ASTM A

Increasing the austenite grain size therefore decreases the available nucleation sites, which retards the rate of the phase transformation.

Steels with low hardenability may be used for smaller components, such as chisels and shears, or for surface hardened components such as gears. In the example here, the surface will be transformed to martensite, but the core will have a bainitic structure with some martensite. The indentor is either a conical diamond pyramid, or a hardened steel ball. The initial red-hot state represents the austenitic condition and the subsequent cooling results in a variety of transformations that depend on the chemical composition of the steel.

Hardenability therefore describes the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a given set of conditions. Boron has a very strong affinity for oxygen and nitrogen, with which it forms compounds. Slow quenching speeds are often chosen to reduce distortion and residual stress in components.

The Rockwell test is commonly used in the USA. It’s important to use the correct conversion chart for different materials, since the hardness test causes plastic strain, and therefore varies with the strain hardening properties of the material. It is more common to control hardenability with other elements, and to use carbon levels of less than 0. The recorded hardness depends on the indentation load and the width of the square indentation made by the diamond.


DoITPoMS – TLP Library The Jominy End Quench Test

Knowledge of the hardenability of steels is necessary in order to select the appropriate combination of alloy and heat treatment for components of different size, to minimise thermal stresses and distortion. This data can be presented using CCT C ontinuous C ooling T ransformation diagrams which are used to select steels to suit the component size and quenching media.

Select the most appropriate steel to achieve the necessary levels of mechanical properties, residual stress and distortion in a 1mm diameter wood-working drill.

Jominy end quench test can also be used to demonstrate the effects of microstructure and alloying variables on the hardenability of steels. It is then carefully and quickly moved to the quenching machine and positioned above a water jet. The simulation ignores the effect of heat loss from the sides of the text, i.

However, the effect is too small be be commonly used for control of hardenability. Three medium carbon steels 0.

The furnace used to heat the steel into the austenite phase field. Slower cooling rates occur at the core of larger components, compared to the faster cooling rate at the surface.

After quenching the hardness profile is measured at intervals wuench the quenched end after the surface has been ground back to remove any effects of decarburisation 0. The austenite grain size can be affected by other stages in the processing of steel, and therefore the hardenability of a steel also depends on the previous stages employed in its production. The depth from the quenched end, over which martensite is obtained, is then the measure of hardenability.


James Marrow University of Cambridge Content development: This method of increasing the hardenability is rarely used jpminy substantial increases in hardenability require large austenite grain size, obtained through high austenitisation temperatures. The results are plotted in the graph below. The nucleation of ferrite and pearlite occurs at heterogeneous nucleation sites such as the austenite grain boundaries.

Jominy End Quench Test

The data is shown as Vickers and Rockwell hardness. Increasing the carbon content increases the hardness of steels up to about 0. The round specimen is joiny ground flat along its length to a depth of 0. Carbon controls the hardness of the martensite. These include alloying elements and grain size. The Rockwell hardness test measures a number which depends on the difference in the depth of an indentation made by two loads, a minor load followed by a major load.

The Vickers test is most commonly used in the UK. Jominy end quench unit for testing the hardenability of steels. There are quite complex interactions between the different elements, which also suench the temperatures of the phase transformation and the resultant microstructure. The Jominy yest provides a measure of the ability of a steel to harden by transforming into martensite under set conditions, i.

The Vickers hardness test uses a square pyramidal diamond indentor. A standardised bar, Measurement of hardenability Uses of Jominy data: