demand to be treated the same just like any other Kenyan in Published by Truth Justice and Reconciliation Commission (TJRC), Kenya. Kenya TJRC Report Volume 1. Document. Pages. Notes. Text. Zoom. CLOSE. Previous for “” Next. p. 1. Loading Loading. p. 2. Loading Loading. p. 3. Loading. One year after its release, ICTJ presents a critical overview of the Final Report of Kenya’s Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission in a.
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These ethnic tensions originate in events occurring before independence when British colonists forced the Kalenjin pastoral tribe off their land to develop the Rift Valley agriculturally. The two tribes primarily involved kenha the political violence are the Kikuyu people 22 percent of the Kenyan population and the Kalenjin people 12 percent of the Kenyan populationhowever many other smaller tribes also inhabit Kenya.
The two parties agreed to tackle four tjrv agenda items to end the political crisis and address its underlying causes. Replrt days later, groups of what local residents described as Kalenjins attacked Kikuyus in parts of Njoro in the same constituency.
They can recommend prosecutions, reparations for victims, institutional changes, and amnesty in exchange for truth for perpetrators who did not commit gross human rights violations.
Kenya TJRC Report Volume 1
The statement taking process provides victims with the opportunity to tell the truth about their experiences and those of close friends and relatives. Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Had this recommendation been acted on then, perhaps the country might have avoided the post December election violence witnessed. One of the many suggestions in the official report that the Waki Commission made was that the Kenyan government establish a tribunal of both international and national judges to investigate tjcr prosecute perpetrators of the gross human rights violations.
This violence peaked with the killing of over 30 unarmed civilians in a church near Eldoret on New Years Day. Deputy chair of the commission, lawyer Betty Murungi, resigned saying that she found it difficult to fulfill her duties when the commission leader, Bethwell Kiplagat, faced accusations.
The Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission of Kenya
The TJRC will hold discussion forums bringing together different groups across the country ethnic; religious; chiefs; women; youth to chart ways of establishing reconciliation, harmonious tnrc and national unity. The links below will take you to the various documents from the Kenyan TJRC, including documents and links specifically cited in the book.
Tjtc, it was almost inevitable that there would be some kind of response by the owners of the livestock. Inspired and propelled by the menya of the Referendum on a government sponsored constitution, the main opposition party went full throttle to wrest power form the incumbent in the general elections.
The most severe episode of this conflict unfolded over 59 days between Election Day, 27 December and 28 February Page References and Links The Page References and Links section includes a document that is organized by page number in the book, with hyperlinks to the document or documents mentioned on those pages. The Commission requested a 6-month extension, thus the current timeline is as follows:. The incumbent, then President Daniel Arap Moicampaign freely all over the country while other party leaders could not.
Not included krnya are the transcripts of the in camera hearings, as those were conducted with the understanding that their contents would only be made public if the participants agreed. The commission gave the government a limited amount of trc to agree to create a special tribunal, and made it clear that the commission would give its findings to the ICC if the government failed to establish the tribunal within the given timeframe.
fjrc The government has protested the findings. In addition to staging several nonviolent protests, opposition supporters went on a violent rampage in several parts of the country, most noticeably in Odinga’s homeland of Nyanza Province and the slums of Nairobi, part of his Langata constituency.
Additionally, the commission has focused on educating the country about the history of violence, and emphasises promoting reconciliation through revealing of truth.
This section also includes documents related to the effort to create a special tribunal as recommended by the Waki Commission, and Kenyan litigation related to the failure of the Kenyan Government to arrest Omar al-Bashir upon his visit to Kenya in On 26 Novemberthe Prosecutor requested permission from the court to investigate the crimes against humanity during the post-election violence in Kenya, and was granted permission to do so by the majority of the court.
Views Read Edit View history. The closely contested presidential election was characterised by unrealistic promises, fragmentation, balkanisation, media hype and strong expressions of ethnic nationalism. It is expected that more judges will be removed from office as the investigation continues. The raiders raped the woman and stole some livestock from the household. There were varying explanations given for these attacks. The Commission began in August with an operational period of two years.
Statements recorded from victims across the country are the main source of information for the TJRC on gross human rights violations suffered by them during the mandate period 12 December and 28 February This was despite the fact that within a month of the elections, politically motivated ethnic ‘clashes’ erupted in Rift Valley Province. The most notorious instance of interference with the electoral process was the General Elections where many losing candidates were declared winners.
Later when selecting government officials after independence inthe tension between these two tribes increased as, Jomo Kenyatta, a Kikuyu, became president and Daniel Moi, a Kalenjin, became vice-president.
Looters also struck a number of stores in Mombasa. Despite the reputation of the Rift valley as the cradle of humanity and positive co-existence, the peoples living there suffered through mass human rights violations in the later part of the 20th century.
Shortly after in the first multi-party election since independence took place. The Akiwumi report on the clashes reported that the provincial administration was partisan in its support of the then KANU government and against those considered to be opposed to KANU in the Rift Valley.
The Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission of Kenya – Wikipedia
To understand the events following the and elections in Kenya, one must first understand the complicated ethnic makeup of the Kenyan state. The —08 post-election violence shook the nation because of its spread, speed and ruthlessness. Some of the Kikuyu also engaged in retaliatory violence against groups supportive of Tnrc, primarily Luos and Kalenjin, especially in the areas surrounding Nakuru and Naivasha.
In terms of justice, lack of retributive justice has been a source of concern for many Kenyans. Former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan arrived in the country nearly a month after the election, and successfully brought the two sides to the negotiating table. The TJRC will conduct public and private hearings at which victims, perpetrators, experts will give testimony relating to gross violations of human rights.
Nevertheless, the commissioners offer different types rpeort expertise that they can apply to Kenya’s TJRC. The TJRC does not, however, have the power to prosecute.