La Guemara. Le Talmud de Babylone. Sanhédrin. Tome 2. [Collectif] on Amazon. com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. pages. in8. broché. Un vol. Get this from a library! La Guemara. [1]. 1, Chabbat, [I-II]. [Élie Munk; Désiré Elbèze;]. , Hebrew, Aramaic, French, Book edition: [Masekhet Betsah] = Traité Beitsa: la Guemara: l’édition classique de Vilna accompagnée de notes explicatives.

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The rabbis of the Mishnah are known as Tannaim sing. The term “gemara” for the activity of study is far older than its use as a description of any text: Both activities are represented in the “Gemara” as a literary work. Exploring tuemara logical principles underlying the Mishnah’s statements, and showing how different understandings of the Mishnah’s reasons could lead to differences in their practical application. What underlying principle is entailed in a statement of fact or in a specific instance brought as an illustration?

If a principle is presented as a generalization, the gemara clarifies how much is included; if an exception, how much is excluded. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Their discussions were written down in a series of books that became the Gemara, which when combined with the Mishnah constituted the Talmud. Not to be confused with Gamera. All statements are examined for internal consistency. There is little dialogue.

The Gemara and the Mishnah together make up the Talmud. A sugya will typically comprise a detailed proof-based elaboration of the Mishna. There are two versions of the Gemara. Demonstrating how the Mishnah’s rulings al disputes, derive from interpretations of Biblical texts. Because there are two Gemaras, there are in fact two Talmuds: March Gufmara how and when to remove this template message.


Retrieved from ” https: Why does the Mishna use one word rather than another? If they do, why do they differ?

This article needs additional citations for verification. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The gemara records the semantic disagreements between Tannaim and Amoraim.

Articles needing additional references from March All articles needing additional references Interlanguage link template link number Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

Roch Hachana, La Guemara Tome 1

In the Talmud, a sugya is presented as a series of responsive hypotheses and questions — with the Talmudic text as a record of each step in the process of reasoning and derivation. Prooftexts quoted to corroborate or disprove the respective opinions and theories will include:. If a statement is not clear enough, the Gemara seeks to clarify the Mishna’s intention.

Sometimes the language changes in the middle of a story.

Some of these debates were actually conducted by the Amoraimthough many of them are hypothetically reconstructed by the Talmud’s redactors. Often imputing a view to an earlier authority as lq how he may have answered a question: It seeks to answer under which circumstances a statement is true, and what qualifications are permissible.

Gemara – Wikipedia

Every aspect of the Mishnaic text is treated as a subject of close investigation. In each sugyaeither participant may cite scriptural, Mishnaic and Amoraic proof to build a logical support for their respective opinions.

Resolving contradictions, perceived or actual, between different statements in the Mishnah, or between the Mishnah and other traditions; e. By convention, a reference to the “Gemara” or “Talmud,” without further qualification, refers to the Babylonian version.


The process of deduction required to derive a conclusion from a prooftext is often logically complex and indirect. Views Geumara Edit View history. The disputants here are termed the makshan questioner, “one who raises a difficulty” and tartzan answerer, “one who puts straight”. Do certain authorities differ or not?

The main compilers were Revina and Rav Ashi. This analysis is aimed at gue,ara exhaustive understanding of the Mishna’s full meaning. Talmud Readers by Adolf Behrman. After the Mishnah was published by Judah the Prince c. The rabbis of the Gemara are referred to as Amoraim sing. Talmud Aramaic words and phrases Oral Torah.

This page was last edited on 6 Decemberat The distinctive character of the gemara derives largely from the intricate use of argumentation and debate, described above. The analysis of the Amoraim is generally focused on clarifying the positions, words and views of the Tannaim.

The Talmud thus comprises two components: If a statement appears obvious, the Gemara seeks the logical reason for its necessity. The Gemara thus takes the form of a dialectical exchange by contrast, the Mishnah states concluded legal opinions — and often differences in opinion between the Tannaim. In a narrow sense, the word Gemara refers to the mastery and transmission of existing tradition, as opposed to sevarawhich means the deriving of new results by logic.

The Gemara will often ask where in the Torah guemarq Mishnah derives a particular law.