Zenón de Elea: Filósofo griego. (c. a. C.) -Escuela eleática. – Es conocido por sus paradojas, especialmente aquellas que niegan la. INSTITUTO DE EDUCACION Y PEDAGOGIA Cali – valle 03 / 10 / ZENON DE ELEA Fue un filosofo Griego de la escuela Elitista (Atenas). Paradojas de Zenón 1. paradoja de la dicotomía(o la carrera) 2. paradja de aquiles y la tortuga. Conclusion Discípulo de parménides de Elea.
|Published (Last):||24 September 2005|
|PDF File Size:||20.2 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||12.12 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Some historians say Aristotle had no solution but only a verbal quibble. Any step df be divided conceptually into a first half and a second half. In the arrow paradox also known as the fletcher’s paradoxZeno states that for motion to occur, an object must change the position which it occupies. Robinson went on to create a nonstandard model of paradojzs using hyperreal lax. Similarly, rigor was added to the definitions of the physical concepts of place, instant, duration, distance, and instantaneous speed.
Physicsa25 In modern real analysis, a continuum df composed of points, but Aristotle, ever the advocate of common sense reasoning, claimed that a continuum cannot be composed of points.
Lawvere in the s resurrected the infinitesimal as an infinitesimal magnitude. That controversy has sparked a related discussion about whether there could be a machine that can perform an infinite number of tasks in a finite time.
Aristotle said Zeno assumed this is impossible, and that is one of his errors in the Dichotomy. After the acceptance of calculus, most all mathematicians and physicists believed that continuous motion should be modeled by a function which takes real numbers representing time as its argument and which gives real numbers representing spatial position as its value.
The Moving Rows The Stadium According to Aristotle Physics, Book VI, chapter 9, ba18Zeno try to create paradoias paradox by considering bodies that is, physical objects of equal length aligned along three parallel rows within a stadium.
Las paradojas de Zenon by Cristina Torreno on Prezi
But if you drop an individual millet grain or a small part of one or an even smaller part, then eventually your hearing detects no sound, even though there is one. Otherwise, the cut defines an irrational number which, loosely speaking, fills the gap between A and B, as in the definition of the square root of 2 above. Nick Huggett argues that Zeno is assuming the conclusion when he says that objects that occupy the same space as they do at rest must be at rest.
If everything is motionless at every instant, dde time is entirely composed of instants, then motion is impossible. Dedekind’s primary contribution to our topic was to give the first rigorous definition of infinite set—an actual infinity—showing that the notion is useful and not self-contradictory. Also argues that Greek mathematicians did not originate the idea but learned of it from Parmenides and Zeno. As Plato says, when Zeno tries to conclude “that the same thing is many and one, we shall [instead] say that what he is proving is that something is many and one [in zzenon respects], not that unity is many or that plurality is one Aristotle’s third and most influential, critical idea involves a complaint about potential infinity.
See Dainton pp. Is the lamp metaphysically impossible, even if it is logically possible? Infinite processes remained theoretically troublesome in mathematics until the late 19th century. Another proposed solution is to question one of the assumptions Zeno used in his paradoxes particularly the Dichotomywhich is that between any two different points in space or timethere is always another point.
Before he can get there, he must get halfway there. But this required having a good definition of irrational numbers. Aristotle denied the existence of the actual infinite both in the physical world and in mathematics, but he accepted potential infinities there. Petersburg Thrift Toil Tullock Value. It was generally accepted until the 19th century, but slowly lost ground to the Standard Solution.
The epsilon-delta version of Weierstrass and Cauchy developed a rigorous formulation of the logic and calculus involved. The Continuous and the Discrete: Morrow and John M. Through history, several solutions have been proposed, among the earliest recorded being those of Aristotle and Archimedes. Presumably Zeno would defend the assumption by remarking that the sum of the distances along so many of the runs toward the tortoise is infinite, which is too far to run even for Achilles.
And they are unlike in being mountains; the mountains are mountains, but the people are not. A detailed defense of the Standard Solution to the paradoxes. Before traveling a quarter, he must travel one-eighth; before an eighth, one-sixteenth; and so on. When dividing a concrete, material stick into its components, we reach ultimate constituents of matter such as quarks and electrons that cannot be further pafadojas.
Paradjas Zeno, Greek thinkers favored presenting their philosophical views by writing poetry. Large and Small Suppose there exist many things rather than, as Parmenides says, just one thing.
These are too many places to reach. There are not enough rational numbers for this correspondence even though the rational numbers are dense, too in the sense that between any two rational numbers there is another rational number. These ideas now form the basis of modern real analysis. However, by the time Achilles gets there, the tortoise will have crawled to a new location. Rivelli’s chapter 6 explains how the theory of loop quantum gravity provides a new solution to Zeno’s Paradoxes that is more in tune with the intuitions of Democratus because it rejects the assumption that a bit of space can always be subdivided.
The Standard Solution to this interpretation of the paradox accuses Paradojzs of mistakenly assuming that there is no lower bound on the size of something that can make a sound.
Their calculus is a technique for treating continuous motion as being composed of an infinite number of infinitesimal steps. Infinite Divisibility This is the most challenging of all the paradoxes of plurality.
Was it proper of Thomson to suppose that the question of whether the lamp is lit or dark at the end of the minute must have a determinate answer? Aristotle ‘s treatment said Zeno should have assumed instead that there are only potential infinitiesso that at any time the hypothetical division paradojss parts produces only a finite number of parts, and the runner has time to complete all these parts.
Chapter 7 surveys nonstandard analysis, and Chapter 8 surveys constructive mathematics, including the contributions by Errett Bishop and Douglas Bridges. Continuity is something given in perception, said Brentano, and not in a mathematical construction; therefore, mathematics misrepresents.
Commentary on Aristotle’s Physics, Book 6. It is basically the same treatment as that given to the Achilles. If we do not zdnon attention to what happens at nearby instants, it is impossible to distinguish instantaneous motion from instantaneous rest, but distinguishing the two is the way out of the Arrow Paradox.
Our Knowledge of the External World: An encyclopedia of philosophy articles written by professional philosophers.