Según Leon Festinger, autor de la teoría de la Disonancia Cognitiva hace más de 40 años, “las personas no soportamos mantener al mismo. Disonancia cognitiva y percepción. Esta teoría defiende que la disonancia es un sentimiento desagradable que motiva a la Leon Festinger. Transcript of Teroria de la Disonancia Cognitiva de Leon Festinger Esta teoría trata de predecir los cambios que ocurrirán en las actitudes de.

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During this time, Festinger published his highly influential paper on social comparison theory, extending his prior theory regarding the evaluation of attitudes in social groups to the evaluation of abilities in social groups. The messages purportedly said that a flood would destroy the world on December 21, Festinger and James M.

In his paper, Festinger postulated that one of the major pressures to communicate arises from uniformity within a group, which in turn arises from two sources: The group studied a small apocalyptic cult led by Dorothy Martin under the pseudonym Marian Keech in the book fsstinger, a suburban housewife. Leon Festinger 8 May — 11 February was an American social psychologistperhaps best known for cognitive dissonance and social comparison theory. By using this site, you agree to the Terms dlsonancia Use and Privacy Policy.

Writing infour years after closing his laboratory, Festinger expressed a sense of disappointment with what he and his field had accomplished:.

LEON FESTINGER by Sara rdgz on Prezi

Cognitive dissonance Effort justification Social comparison theory. Festinger’s seminal work integrated existing research literature on influence and social communication under his theory of cognitive dissonance. Behaviorists focused only on the observable, i.

Explicit use of et al.

Disonancia Cognitiva y Autojustificación – NOeRes+

Yet, this endeavor “started as almost lz accident” [26] while Festinger was conducting a study on the impact of architectural and ecological factors on student housing satisfaction for the university. It was at MIT that Festinger, in his own words, “became, by fiat, a social psychologist, and immersed myself in the field with all its difficulties, vaguenesses, and challenges. Festinger and his collaborators, Henry Riecken and Stanley Schachter, examined conditions under which disconfirmation of beliefs leads to increased conviction in such beliefs in the book When Prophecy Fails.


De acuerdo contigo, un estudio puede poner en duda o confirmar los estudios realizados teooria.

Thus Festinger suggested that the “social influence processes and some festonger of competitive behavior are both manifestations of the same socio-psychological process May 8, New York City. Con el tiempo voy tomando las riendas de mi destino y me hago responsable de las cosas que provoco o no con mis actitudes y aprendo a valorarme y a valorar a las personas tal cual son. Perhaps one of the greatest impacts of Festinger’s studies lies in their “depict[ion] of social behavior as the responses of a thinking organism continually acting to bring order into his world, rather than as the blind impulses of a creature of emotion and habit,” as cited in his Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award.

Carlsmith published their classic cognitive dissonance experiment in He decided not to pursue treatment, and died on February 11, February 11, aged 69 New York City. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Teoria della dissonanza cognitiva

Instrumental communication is contrasted with “consummatory communication” where communication is the end, such as emotional expression. Starting with the premise that humans have an innate drive to accurately evaluate their opinions and abilities, Festinger postulated that people will seek to evaluate their opinions and abilities by comparing them with those of others. Warning against the dangers of such demands when theoretical concepts are not yet fully developed, Festinger stated, “Research can increasingly address itself to minor unclarities in prior research rather than to larger issues; people can lose sight of the basic problems because the field becomes defined by the ongoing research.

To use Festinger’s example, a chess novice does not compare his chess abilities to those of recognized chess masters, [47] nor does a college student compare his intellectual abilities to those of a toddler. His theories and research are credited with renouncing the previously dominant behaviorist view of social psychology by demonstrating the inadequacy of stimulus-response conditioning accounts of human behavior.

Among people who felt the shock but sustained no damage from the earthquake, rumors were widely circulated and accepted about even worse disasters to come. This page was last edited on 13 Novemberat Festinger also later described the increased conviction and proselytizing by cult members after disconfirmation as a specific instantiation of cognitive dissonance i.

Rather than abandoning their discredited beliefs, group members adhered to them even more strongly and began proselytizing with fervor. In addition, Festinger is credited with the ascendancy of laboratory experimentation in social psychology as one who “converted the experiment into a powerful scientific instrument with a central role in the search for knowledge.


Y no me creo que las personas no seamos capaces de mantener ideas incongruentes. Retrieved from ” https: Muchos comportamientos los realizamos de forma inconsciente.

His father, an embroidery manufacturer, had “left Russia a radical and atheist and remained faithful to these views throughout his life. A veces hasta por vestirse de tal o cual manera hay que justificarse. Dissonance reduction can be achieved by changing cognition by changing actions [58]or selectively acquiring new information or opinions.

In other projects Wikiquote. Despite such recognition, Festinger left the field of social psychology inattributing his decision to “a conviction that had been growing in me at the time that I, personally, was in a rut and needed an injection of intellectual stimulation from new sources to continue to be productive.

Festinger, Stanley Schachter, and Kurt Back examined the choice leoh friends among college students living in married student housing at MIT. Festinger and his co-authors concluded that the following conditions lead to increased conviction in beliefs following disconfirmation:.

He further argued that pressures to communicate arise when discrepancies in opinions or attitudes exist among members of a group, and laid out a series hypotheses regarding determinants of when group members communicate, whom they communicate with, and how recipients of communication react, citing existing experimental evidence to support his arguments.

Y es que esto de leer cosas tan interesantes y no poder decir nada estaba acabando conmigo. Estos ejemplos muestran la necesidad que tenemos las personas de justificar lo innecesario o, incluso, lo injustificable. Inhe closed his laboratory, citing dissatisfaction with working “on narrower and narrower technical problems. Wikiquote has quotations related to: El ser humano es muy complejo. He is also known in social network theory for the proximity effect or propinquity.