Croaking Science: The toad fly Lucilia bufonivora in common toads. Blow-flies are dipteran flies that evolved million years ago and there. Only one species is generally recognized as an obligate agent of myiasis, Lucilia bufonivora Moniez, and this is an obligate parasite of toads. Taxonomy Lucilia bufonivora: scientific and common names, classification, synonymy, taxonomic tree.
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The adult toadfly lays its eggs on the skin at the entrance to the nostrils of the common toad although it has been known to infest other frog and toad species. Lucilia bufonivora Moniez, In a study in the Netherlands, it was found that the fly selectively targeted larger toads, with no juveniles and very few one-year-olds being affected. The adult toadfly has large brown compound eyes, a bright metallic green thorax and abdomen clad with bristly black hairs and a pair of membraneous, dark veined, translucent wings.
The larvae are creamy white maggots similar to those of other blow flies that are found on dead animals and rotting meat. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.
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Views Read Edit View history. On hatching, the larvae start to feed on the tissue of the nostrils and work their way into the nasal cavities.
When the toad has died and the larvae have totally consumed its tissues and finished their development, they make their way into the soil and pupate. The larvae grow buronivora and as their appetite increases, they start to consume the eyes, the brain and other tissues of the host. The adult flies will typically feed on pollen and nectar of flowers, while the larvae are parasitoids that feed mainly on the living flesh of the common toad Bufo bufoleading to the toad’s death, though they have been found as parasites [ clarification needed ] on other frog and toad species.
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Lucilia bufonivora Moniez, – Taxonomy
Alternatively, the eggs may be laid in wounds and eat the hosts flesh. Retrieved from ” https: Lucilia bufonivora is a member of the fly family Calliphoridae which are commonly known as blow flies. This page was last edited on 9 Octoberat Batraciens et Reptiles du Monde.